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Trading Blocs: States, Firms, and Regions in the World Economy Kerry A. Chase http://www.press.umich.edu/titleDetailDesc.do?id=133506 The University of Michigan Press

304 Index

imperial trading bloc (Japan), 54–55, 61,

Japan Cotton and Synthetic Fiber Weav-

67–69, 258 import-competing industries: British,

ing Association, 248 Japanese Automobile Manufacturers

75–83; defined, 47, 131, 167; German, 93–98; Japanese, 59–63; United States, 110–26, 131–32, 132 Import Duties Act, 70, 85 Import Duties Advisory Committee

(IDAC), 84–85 Independent Family Sewing Machine

Manufacturers, 117 India, 70, 75–76, 82 Indonesia, 55, 239; automotive industry

in, 242, 246; EU trade restrictions on, 172; Japanese investment in, 226; Japanese trade with, 233, 235 information technology (IT). See com-

Association (JAMA), 244, 250 Japan External Trade Organization

(JETRO), 229, 252 Japan Industrial Club, 60–61 Japan Iron and Steel Federation, 250, 253 Japan-Singapore Economic Partnership

Agreement (JSEPA), 222–23, 240, 251, 254, 259 Japan Spinners Association, 248 Japan Textile Industry Federation, 248 Johnson, Lyndon, 139n24, 140 Jones, F. C., 55n4, 61 just-in-time delivery systems, 44, 224

puter industry Inland Forest Resource Council, 211 Intel Corporation, 154, 262 intellectual property, 182, 185, 205–8,

218 International Harvester Company, 133,

135; RTAA and, 116, 117, 122 Israel, 184, 215 Isuzu Motors Ltd., 241, 245 Italy, 144, 147, 173 ITT Corporation, 122, 123, 133

Kahler, Miles, 49 kanban, 44, 224 Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd., 241 Keidanren, 246, 250, 252 keiretsu, 223, 227, 249, 252–53 Kellogg Company, 155 Kemp, M. C., 7 Kennan, George, 224 King, Mackenzie, 137 Koppers Company, 118, 124, 125 Korea, 255, 264; European exports by,

Japan, 54–69, 222–54; Co-Prosperity Sphere of, 48, 50, 69, 224, 227; East Asia FDI by, 226–28, 234–37, 241, 247–48, 253–54; European exports of, 163–64, 168–72, 178–79; Europe FDI by, 154, 171–72, 262–63; exporting and import-competing industries of, 59– 60; imperial trading bloc of, 54–55, 61, 67–69, 258; kanban of, 44, 224; keiretsu of, 223, 227, 249, 252–53; METI of, 222, 229n8, 235, 237, 248, 250, 252; Mexico and, 222, 252, 265, 266; politics of trade in, 63–65; post- war scale economies in, 224–26; re- verse imports of, 229–32, 230, 231, 239, 249; scale of industry in, 55–59, 57, 58; trade preferences of, 60–63, 67–69; zaibatsu of, 61, 63–65, 68

169–70, 173; footwear from, 200; as Japanese colony, 54n2, 55, 60–63, 68–69; Japanese trade with, 222, 224, 226, 228, 233, 251; steel industry of, 253; textile industry of, 247–48 Krugman, Paul, 8, 24, 37n29 Krupp AG, 96, 101

L.A. Gear Inc., 166 labor unions, 40n34, 84, 201–2, 214–15,

265 Lazonick, William, 74 Legewie, Jochen, 236 Lend-Lease Agreements (1942), 107 Levy, Philip, 11 Leyland Motor Corporation, 150–51,

153, 174 Lipson, Charles, 36 Lockwood, William, 55n4, 58

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