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Trading Blocs: States, Firms, and Regions in the World Economy Kerry A. Chase http://www.press.umich.edu/titleDetailDesc.do?id=133506 The University of Michigan Press

Index

305

Machines Bull Company, 152n6, 160 Mackintosh, Ian, 151n5 Mack Truck Company, 117 Malaysia, 227, 239; automotive policies

of, 242–43, 242, 247; EU trade restric- tions for, 172; Japanese investment in, 226, 236; Japanese trade with, 233, 235 Manchuria, 54n2, 55, 60–63, 67–69, 224 Mansfield, Edward, 255 Manufacturing Chemists Association

(MCA), 118, 125 maquiladoras, 191–92, 195–98, 197, 221,

265 Marrison, Andrew, 81n35 Marshall Plan, 109, 144 Mason, Mark, 67 Mason, T. W., 99–100 Matsushita Electric Industrial Company:

in Mexico, 192–93, 265; in Southeast Asia, 227, 236, 238, 239 Mazda Motor Corporation, 241 McKenna tariff, 70, 77, 79, 87 Merck and Company, 262 Mercosur (Mercado Común del Sur), 255 Messerlin, Patrick, 173 Mexico, 181, 185, 255, 265; EC and, 266;

Molony, Barbara, 61–62 Mond, Alfred, 80 Monsanto Chemical Company, 118, 124, 125–26 Moravcsik, Andrew, 158, 257 most favored nation (MFN) status, 3, 267–69; APTA and, 139–40, 181; Britain and, 80, 82, 88; discriminatory policies and, 16; Germany and, 89, 95, 100–101, 103; Japan and, 54, 222; nineteenth century and, 51; trading blocs and, 26–27, 257–58; United States and, 49, 105–9, 127, 141, 181; USTC on, 106 Motor and Equipment Manufacturers Association, 208 Motorcycle Manufacturers of America, 118 Motorola Inc., 154, 165n22, 262 Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association (MVMA), 205, 207 Multifiber Arrangement (MFA): EC and, 155, 165–66, 173–74; United States and, 200–201, 213, 215, 218; Japan and, 248. See also Agreement on Tex- tiles and Clothing

import competition from, 199–201, 200; industrial decrees of, 185, 191–93, 209; Japan and, 222, 252, 265–66; maquiladoras in, 191–92, 195–98, 197, 221, 265. See also NAFTA Michelin Tire Company, 183, 191 Mill, John Stuart, 23 Milner, Helen, 12n17, 41n36, 255 minimum efficient scale (MES), 25–28,

26; for British market, 72–73, 74; do- mestic market size and, 27–30, 29; for EC market, 146–48, 147, 154, 167; for German market, 91–92, 92, 258; for Japanese market, 58, 224; measure- ment of, 43–45, 47, 271; for U.S. mar- ket, 186–89, 188. See also economies of scale Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Indus-

try (METI). See Japan Mitsubishi Corporation: 238; in Canada,

214; in Southeast Asia, 243, 245

NAFTA, 50, 181–221, 259–67; economies of scale and, 29; external trade and, 217–20, 219; formation of, 183–85; free trade politics and, 215–17, 216; in- tellectual property and, 182, 185, 205–8, 218; Mercosur and, 255; or- dered probit analysis of, 203–5, 203; predicted probabilities of support for, 204; returns to scale and, 207–10 National Automobile Chamber of Com- merce, 115, 117 National Electrical Manufacturers Asso- ciation, 117, 122, 123 National Farmers Union, 83 National Federation of Iron and Steel Manufacturers (NFISM), 78, 80 National Foreign Trade Council, 127 National Industrial Conference Board, 90 National Knitwear and Sportswear Asso- ciation, 213

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