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Trading Blocs: States, Firms, and Regions in the World Economy Kerry A. Chase http://www.press.umich.edu/titleDetailDesc.do?id=133506 The University of Michigan Press

306 Index

National Union of Manufacturers, 77 NCR Corporation, 111, 115–16 Nestlé SA, 155, 245 newly industrialized economies (NIEs),

Ottawa Agreements (1932), 70, 80–88, 136, 258 outsourcing. See production sharing

226, 232–34, 233, 234, 239, 241 New Plan (Germany), 3, 49, 89, 96 New Zealand, 70, 76, 87 Nike Inc., 166 Nippon Denso Corporation, 241, 244,

245, 246 Nissan Motor Company, 57, 61, 65, 67; in

Canada, 191, 266; in Europe, 154, 170, 263; in Mexico, 265; in Southeast Asia, 241, 243, 245, 246 Nitchitsu Company, 62 Nixdorf Informationssysteme AG, 152n8,

160 Nobel, Alfred, 72 Nokia Corporation, 152n8 Nomenclature Générale des Activités

Economiques (NACE), 166 nontariff barriers, 40; EC, 166–68, 168,

175, 266–67; Japanese, 223; United States, 181, 267. See also specific types, e.g., antidumping duties North American Free Trade Agreement.

See NAFTA Northwest Independent Forest Manufac-

turers, 211

Pastor, Robert, 129 patent licenses, 152, 163–64 Pearce, Joan, 162 Peek, George, 128 PepsiCo, 155 Perot, H. Ross, 215 Peugeot SA. See PSA Group Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Associa-

tion, 29 pharmaceuticals. See drug companies Philip Morris Companies, 155 Philippines, 233, 239, 243, 247 Philips Electronics NV, 158, 174, 263n1;

Mexican plants of, 192–93; televisions of, 145, 164, 169; VCRs of, 164, 170–71, 176 Plaza Accord (1985), 226, 238 Plessey Company, 160 politics of trade, 16–18, 17; in Britain,

83–85; in EU, 174–79; in Germany, 98–100; in Japan, 63–65; in North America, 215–17, 216 Porsche AG, 163 Procter and Gamble Company, 141, 205 production sharing, 30–33, 256–57, 258,

office equipment, 194, 195, 197; British market for, 73, 74; EC market for, 147, 148, 169–71, 263; German market for, 91, 92; Japanese market for, 57, 58; U.S. market for, 111–17, 120, 188 Office Equipment Manufacturers Insti- tute, 117 Offshore Assembly Program (OAP), 195–98, 197, 219, 220, 266 Olivetti and Company SpA, 160 ordered probit analysis, 203–5, 203, 204 ordinary least squares (OLS) regression analysis: for British tariffs, 85, 86; for Japanese tariffs, 66, 67; for U.S. tariffs, 131, 132, 218–20, 219 Osram AG, 90

260; Japanese, 228–36, 230, 231–34; measurement of, 45–46, 47; networks of, 50; North American, 194–98, 197; trade protection and, 38; TRIMs and, 39 Proposals for an International Conference

on Trade and Employment, 107–8 PSA Group, 150–53, 160, 163, 168–70,

177

Radio-Television Manufacturers Associa- tion, 122, 123 Ravenhill, John, 226–27, 243 rayon, 57–58; British production of, 70, 73, 74; German production of, 91, 92; Japanese production of, 57, 58, 66; U.S. production of, 112–14, 117–21,

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