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California Science Teachers Association In collaboration with the California Department of Education - page 11 / 50





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Biology 6b- Students know how to analyze changes in an ecosystem resulting from changes in climate, human activity, introduction of nonnative species, or changes in population size. Biology 6c- Students know how fluctuations in population size in an ecosystem are determined by the relative rates of birth, immigration, emigration, and death. Biology 6e- Students know a vital part of an ecosystem is the stability of its producers and decomposers. Biology 6g*- Students know how to distinguish between the accommodation of an individual organism to its environment and the gradual adaptation of a lineage of organisms through genetic change. Biology 6f- Students know at each link in a food web some energy is stored in newly made structures but much energy is dissipated into the environment as heat. This dissipation may be represented in an energy pyramid.




Biology 6d- Students know how water, carbon, and nitrogen cycle between abiotic resources and organic matter in the ecosystem and how oxygen cycles through photosynthesis and respiration. (review nitrogen cycle) Chemistry 7b- Students know chemical processes can either release (exothermic) or absorb (endothermic) thermal energy. Physics 3f*- Students know the statement “Entropy

tends to increase” is a law of statistical probability that governs all closed systems (second law of thermodynamics).

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    Biology 8- Evolution is the result of genetic changes that occur in constantly changing environments.

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      Biology 8a- Students know how natural selection determines the differential survival of groups of organisms.

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      Biology 8b- Students know a great diversity of species increases the chance that at least some organisms survive major changes in the environment.

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        Earth 3c- Students know how to explain the properties of rocks based on the physical and chemical conditions in which they formed, including plate tectonic processes. (review of sedimentary rocks)

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        Biology 8e- Students know how to analyze fossil evidence with regard to biological diversity, episodic speciation, and mass extinction.


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