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California Science Teachers Association In collaboration with the California Department of Education - page 19 / 50





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      • a.

        Earth 5a- Students know how differential heating of Earth results in circulation patterns in the atmosphere and oceans that globally distribute the heat.

      • b.

        Earth 5b- Students know the relationship between the rotation of Earth and the circular motions of ocean currents and air in pressure centers.

      • c.

        Earth 5c- Students know the origin and effects of temperature inversions.

      • d.

        Earth 5e- Students know rain forests and deserts on Earth are distributed in bands at specific latitudes.

      • e.

        Earth 5f*- Students know the interaction of wind patterns, ocean currents, and mountain ranges results in the global pattern of latitudinal bands of rain forests and deserts.

      • f.

        Earth 5g*- Students know features of the ENSO (El Nino southern oscillation) cycle in terms of sea-surface and air temperature variations across the Pacific and some climatic results of this cycle.

    • 3.

      Earth 6- Climate is the long-term average of a region’s weather and depends on many factors.

      • a.

        Earth 6a- Students know weather (in the short run) and climate (in the long run) involve the transfer of energy into and out of the atmosphere.

      • b.

        Earth 6b- Students know the effects on climate of latitude, elevation, topography, and proximity to large bodies of water and cold or warm ocean currents.

      • c.

        Earth 6c- Students know how Earth’s climate has changed over time, corresponding to changes in Earth’s geography, atmospheric composition, and other factors, such as solar radiation and plate movement.

      • d.

        Earth 1c- Students know the evidence from geological studies of Earth and other planets suggest that the early Earth was very different from Earth today.

  • II.

    SEMESTER 2—The dynamic Earth supports life.


Unit Concept #1—The chemical structure of inorganic and organic matter forms the basis of life on Earth, and the laws of chemistry apply to both non-living and living systems. The cell can be viewed as a package of chemicals that interact according to basic laws of chemistry. The cell is composed of a major solvent (water) into which are dissolved a variety of solutes. The chemicals contained within a cell are subject to kinetic molecular theory and the law of the conservation of matter. Methods of chemistry, including those of chromatography and distillation, inform our understanding of the biochemical systems within the cell.


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