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California Science Teachers Association In collaboration with the California Department of Education - page 20 / 50

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    • 1.

      Biology 1- The fundamental life processes of plants and animals depend on a variety of chemical reactions that occur in specialized areas of the organism’s cells.

    • 2.

      Chemistry 6- Solutions are homogenous mixtures of two or more substances.

      • a.

        Chemistry 6a- Students know the definitions of solute and solvent.

      • b.

        Chemistry 6f*- Students know how molecules in a solution are separated or purified by the methods of chromatography and distillation.

      • c.

        Chemistry 6b- Students know how to describe the dissolving process at the molecular level by using the concept of random molecular motion.

      • d.

        Chemistry 6c- Students know temperature, pressure, and surface area affect the dissolving process.

    • 3.

      Chemistry 3- The conservation of atoms in chemical reactions leads to the principle of conservation of matter and the ability to calculate the mass of products and reactants.

      • a.

        Chemistry 3a- Students know how to describe chemical reactions by writing balanced equations.

  • B.

    Unit Concept #2—The unique properties of carbon and water contribute to the fundamental structure and functions of cells. There are many organic molecules essential to the structure and function of a cell. The four major groups of macromolecules that form the basis of life are carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. These macromolecules are the structural and functional building blocks of cell membranes and organelles.

  • 1.

    Chemistry 10- The bonding characteristics of carbon allow the formation of many different organic molecules of varied sizes, shapes, and chemical properties and provide the biochemical basis of life.

    • a.

      Chemistry 10b- Students know the bonding characteristics of carbon that result in the formation of a large variety of structures ranging from simple hydrocarbons to complex polymers and biological molecules.

    • b.

      Chemistry 10d*- Students know the system for naming the ten simplest linear hydrocarbons and isomers that contain single bonds, simple hydrocarbons with double and triple bonds, and simple molecules that contain a benzene ring.

    • c.

      Chemistry 10a- Students know large molecules (polymers), such as proteins, nucleic acids, and starch, are formed by repetitive combinations of simple subunits.

    • d.

      Chemistry 10c- Students know amino acids are the building blocks of proteins.

    • e.

      Chemistry 10f*- Students know the R-group structure of amino acids and know how they combine to form the polypeptide backbone structure of proteins.

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