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California Science Teachers Association In collaboration with the California Department of Education - page 30 / 50





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    • b.

      Physics 1m*- Students know how to solve problems involving the forces between two electric charges at a distance (Coulomb’s Law) or the forces between two masses at a distance (Universal Gravitation).

  • 3.

    Chemistry 4b- Students know the ransom motion of molecules explains the diffusion of gases.

    • a.

      Chemistry 4a– Students know the random motion of molecules and their collisions with a surface create the observable pressure on that surface.

    • b.

      Chemistry 4c- Students know how to apply the gas laws to relations between the pressure, temperature, and volume of an ideal gas or any mixture of ideal gases.

  • C.

    Unit Concept #3—The universal laws of composition, motion, and energy can be applied to specific natural phenomena. These phenomena include the greenhouse effect, the ozone layer, and the photosynthetic-respiratory cycles.

    • 1.

      Earth 8b- Students know how the composition of Earth’s atmosphere has evolved over geologic time and know the effectd of outgassing, the variations of carbon dioxide concentration, and the origin of atmospheric oxygen.

      • a.

        Earth 4c- Students know the different atmospheric gases that absorb the Earth’s thermal radiation and the mechanism and significance of the greenhouse effect.

        • (i)

          Earth 4d*- Students know the differing greenhouse conditions on Earth, Mars, and Venus; the origins of those conditions; and the climatic consequences of each.

      • b.

        Earth 8c- Students know the location of the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere, its role in absorbing ultraviolet radiation, and the way in which this layer varies both naturally and in resonse to human activities.

  • 2.

    Biology 1f- Students know usable energy is captured from sunlight by chloroplasts and is stored through the synthesis of sugar from carbon dioxide.

    • a.

      Biology 1g- Students know the role of the mitochondria in making stored chemical-bond energy available to cells by completing the breakdown of glucose to carbon dioxide.

    • b.

      Biology 1i*- Students know how chemiosmotic gradients in the mitochondria and chloroplasts store energy for ATP production.

  • 3.

    Chemistry 3g*- Students know how to identify reactions that involve oxidation and reduction and how to balance oxidation-reduction reactions.


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