What are the constraints and possibilities for urban governance to achieve health equity in different contexts?
What factors/mechanisms enhance governance in ways that promote health equity?
What are the attributes and effects on health equity of alliances and social networks?
To what extent and under what conditions have urban policies been able to address social polarisation, social justice, and health inequities and enhance access to public goods?
What is the interface between international stakeholders and national and local governance and how does it affect urban health equity?
What is the interface between national and local government/governance and what is its impact on a whole of government approach to improve health equity?
What are the barriers and assets for meaningful, effective participation and how to overcome/maximize them?
To what extent and in which contexts does participation contribute to good governance and health equity?
Power/Capacity to act
Which institutions have the capacity – power, resources - to shape policy agendas?
Why has there been a persistent increase in health inequities within and between urban settings in spite of deepening participation and a variety of governance arrangements?
What are the challenges, consequences of the increased use of urban governance? To what extent has the municipal government the capacity to implement the decisions made by partnerships or coalitions?
GRNUHE is supported by the Rockefeller Foundation. We are grateful to Carlos Morales C. and Ton van Naerssen for useful comments and support in the review of the literature. We thank Timeyin Uwejamomere for the case-study of Recife and finally, Corrinne Frazzoni of the University College of London for her support in organizing the meetings.