Box 1 Basic infrastructure provision in Hanna Nassif, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
After heavy rains in 1991, Hanna Nassif - an old informal settlement with both affluent and poor residents - flooded. Several houses collapsed and excreta from pit latrines mixed with the rainy water which could not be drained. Residents formed an emergency committee, which registered to become a CBO. The CBO approached the local authorities to discuss the problem of flooding and safe drinking water. After several consultative and participatory meetings involving the CBO, local authority, local university, and UN Agencies, a project to provide water supplies, drains, and earth roads was developed with funding from UNDP and Ford Foundation. Community members offered free land for the water network and labour for construction. The local authority, university and UN Agencies provided technical assistance, while a private contractor undertook the road construction. Ten years since the project ended the CBO continues to manage a water vending project. The profits are partly used to maintain the facilities. According to the Sustainable Cities Programme (SCP), water borne diseases in the settlement had decreased from 4137 cases before 1996 to less than 2000 in the year 2000.
Source: Mwamaso, A. (2009). Sheuya, personal communication (2009)
Box 2 The Network of Healthy Communities of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil –
Launched in 2004, the Rio de Janeiro based Network of Healthy Communities comprises a mix of community-based organizations (CBOs) and the Centre for Health Promotion (CEDAPS) - an organization working on empowerment and health equity. The 150 member CBOs comprise a mix of Women’s and Residents Associations as well as cultural, religious and citizen rights groups which collectively represent a population of over 1.3 million people. The leaders are majority women (68%), mostly middle-aged, and African-Brazilian (75%). Most use personal resources to develop activities for around 150,000 direct beneficiaries on issues such as domestic or street violence, provision of cultural and sports activities, prevention of diseases, and poor nutrition. A wide range of local development programs are among the outcomes including HIV/AIDS prevention centres; distribution of 500,000 condoms per year; training & education; nutrition and physical activity programmes; life skills for adolescents; promoting access to health services; and provision of emergency help.
Source: David et al, (2007). KNUS (2007).