than 30 cities in 8 countries are participating in the continental movement. In Brazil, a network of 200 smaller cities is fighting against corruption (responsible for estimated 20% loses in public funds), developing and disseminating specific governance technologies across the country. Anecdotally, one city in the state of Minas (Januária) has impeached seven mayors in two years. Little research has been conducted and it would be of interest to examine the power dynamics in partnerships and the impact of governance change on health equity.
IBGE. As Fundações Privadas e Associações Sem Fins Lucrativos no Brasil. Instituto Btasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. 2008 Rio de Janeiro.
GIFE. Censo GIFE 2007/2008. Grupo de Institutos, Fundações e Empresas. 2008, Sao Paulo
Movimento Nossa São Paulo.Realizações e Balanço, Ano II 2009. http://www.nossasaopaulo.org.br/portal/files/RealizacoesBalancoII_0.pdf
Box 6. Governance and the right to the city
Inhabitants of informal or illegal settlements in Phnom Penh and in Nairobi have organized to oppose demolition and forced eviction and to develop their own plans to ensure access to adequate housing and services. Commercialization of land markets, investment and public development often do not take into account the interests of the inhabitants of informal settlements. Relocation to distant and often unserviced areas deepens poverty; people become even more vulnerable as social ties are disrupted and employment opportunities are lost. In Phnom Penh the municipality, a federation of the urban poor and a local NGO worked together during 2001-2003 in an action research process that sought to understand the different driving forces and trends as these directly affected the impoverished population and also to identify ways for more equitable and effective solutions. Information proved to be a critical tool to strengthen governance in a city-wide settlement planning process. In Nairobi the process was even more challenging due to the divergent interests of and struggles between local structure holders and tenants. Exchange of experiences with representatives of urban poor federations from India, South Africa helped mobilizing local capacities to negotiate issues of land and structure entitlements on a large scale.
Source: ACHR (2004).