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UCD Diploma in Veterinary Nursing

Medical Nursing, Inpatient Care & Hospital Management (Small Animal)

Ref

Heading

Details of topics which are covered in lectures and practical classes or revised by students

Level of knowledge required

Year tau ht

Notes

5.46

Fluid therapy

Fluid therapy - fluids Properties and uses of common fluids.

Colloids:

blood, plasma, plasma

Good

2

substitutes (gelatins, dextrans, Ringer’s solution, normal saline, water, hypertonic saline.

starches), oxyglobin. Crystalloids: lactated Ringer’s solution, dextrose saline, dextrose in

5.46

Fluid therapy

Fluid therapy - fluids Selection of fluids for disease states: acidosis, alkalosis, dehydration, shock, maintenance, haemorrhage.

Overview

2

5.47

Fluid therapy

Fluid therapy – routes of administration Oral: preparation of oral fluids, methods of administration. Intravenous: sites for administration, equipment necessary for administration, precautions against infection, preventing patient interference, inserting an intravenous cannula. Sites for administration, equipment necessary for administration, precautions against infection for the following routes of administration: intraosseous, subcutaneous, intraperitoneal.

Good

2

    • 5.47

      Fluid therapy

    • 5.47

      Fluid therapy

Fluid therapy – routes of administration Advantages and disadvantages of each route. particular route of administration.

Reasons for selection of a

Fluid therapy – rates of administration

Rates of anaemia. Monitoring

administration for: maintenance, dehydration, shock, blood loss,

Calculation of transfusion hydration status of patient.

rate. Signs

Charting fluid intake and output. of problems during fluid therapy.

Good

Good

2

2

5.47

Fluid therapy

Fluid therapy – urine output Monitoring urinary output.

Good

2

5.47

Fluid therapy

Fluid therapy – blood transfusions Collection and storage of blood for transfusion. Procedure for transfusion of blood. Signs of transfusion reactions. Calculation of required volume of blood.

Good

2

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