using up fat reserves needed to survive long winters. Disturbances that cause bats to awaken and use fat stores can be fatal to the bat. Hibernating bats should be left alone.
Where do bats live?
might think. A group of small-footed Myotis made their home in an underground tunnel at an inactive nuclear reactor in the state of Washington. Bats more typically live in abandoned mines, caves, on the underside of bridges, in trees, in crevices in old buildings
occasionally in homes and attics, and in houses constructed especially for them.
Bats and Rabies
All mammals, including bats,
rabies. However, it is estimated that less than 1 percent of bats have rabies. The best way to avoid getting rabies from bats is never to pick up a bat, especially if you see one fluttering on the ground during the day
and it looks sick. (Volunteers professionals working with bats are
required to get pre-exposure rabies shots.)
Bats in Houses
The two species of West Virginia bats most likely to enter homes are the little brown bat (also known as the little brown Myotis) and the big brown bat. The only way to keep a house free of bats is to block up the openings the bats are using. Openings must be blocked when the bats are not present. Bats may have young in the summer so it is best to block openings later when the bats have left. Netting can also be used to cover crevices in houses. Bats can slip under the netting to get out, but then they can’t fly back in the house.
If a bat gets into the house, one way to get it outside is to open a window or door and let it fly back outside.
If a colony of bats are to be removed from a home, attic, or barn, another place for the bats to roost such as a bat house should be considered.
Bat boxes and
information on how to construct and care of them are available from such
organizations concerned about bats, such as
Bat Conservation wildlife agency.
International or your state Commercially purchased
bat boxes may
not provide for the bat’s interior construction, and
temperature control are important design elements
the three most of bat boxes. Bat
boxes should be installed well bats are shut out so bats can find
before the their new
recommended times to install the boxes.