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Michael et al.

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AUTHORS BIOGRAPHY Jacob S. MICHAEL Employment PhD student, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sydney University, Australia. Degree BappSc Research interest Physiology and biomechanics of kayaking. E-mail: jmic3063@mail.usyd.edu.au Kieron B. ROONEY Employment Lecturer, Exercise Health and Perform- ance Research Group, University of Syd- ney, Australia. Degree PhD Research interest Biochemistry, exercise physiology, creatine supplementation, insulin secretion and carbohydrate metabolism. E-mail: K.Rooney@fhs.usyd.edu.au

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Richard SMITH Employment Lecturer, Exercise Health and Perform- ance Research Group, University of Syd- ney, Australia. Degree PhD Research interest Water sport biomechanics, footwear. E-mail: R.Smith@usyd.edu.au

Key points

  • Flat water kayaking is characterised by exceptional demands on upper body performance.

  • When examining the oxygen consumption, it is no- table that although a high value is attainable, they are not quite as high as other sporting events such as road cycling, rowing or running where lower body is dominant.

  • Elite kayakers demonstrate superior aerobic and anaerobic quantities and have reported maximal oxygen consumptions of around 58 ml·kg-1·min-1

    • (4.7

      L·min-1) and lactate values of around 12 mM during laboratory and on water testing.

Jacob S. Michael Faculty of Health Sciences, C42 – Cumberland Campus. East Street PO Box 170, Lidcome NSW 1825, Australia.

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