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AUTHORS BIOGRAPHY Jacob S. MICHAEL Employment PhD student, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sydney University, Australia. Degree BappSc Research interest Physiology and biomechanics of kayaking. E-mail: email@example.com Kieron B. ROONEY Employment Lecturer, Exercise Health and Perform- ance Research Group, University of Syd- ney, Australia. Degree PhD Research interest Biochemistry, exercise physiology, creatine supplementation, insulin secretion and carbohydrate metabolism. E-mail: K.Rooney@fhs.usyd.edu.au
Richard SMITH Employment Lecturer, Exercise Health and Perform- ance Research Group, University of Syd- ney, Australia. Degree PhD Research interest Water sport biomechanics, footwear. E-mail: R.Smith@usyd.edu.au
Flat water kayaking is characterised by exceptional demands on upper body performance.
When examining the oxygen consumption, it is no- table that although a high value is attainable, they are not quite as high as other sporting events such as road cycling, rowing or running where lower body is dominant.
Elite kayakers demonstrate superior aerobic and anaerobic quantities and have reported maximal oxygen consumptions of around 58 ml·kg-1·min-1
L·min-1) and lactate values of around 12 mM during laboratory and on water testing.
Jacob S. Michael Faculty of Health Sciences, C42 – Cumberland Campus. East Street PO Box 170, Lidcome NSW 1825, Australia.