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1300 OPERATION WIGWAM

Operation Wigwam consisted of a single nuclear detonation, miles SW of San Diego, California (about 29 Deg N, 126 Deg W)

conducted 400 - on May 14 1955.

500 It

was a deep

water

investigate

the

test, -2,000 vulnerability

ft of

(the ocean is submarines

16,000 feet deep

to

deep

nuclear

at that point)

weapons,

and

to the

feasibility of using depth bombs in combat

(there was considerable concern about

problems with surface contamination). The test device was a depth bomb that was suspended by a 2000 ft cable from a barge

B-7 (Mk-90) Betty . The dry weight of

the bomb was 8250 lb, 5700 lb when submerged.

U SS TA W ASA (A FT-9 2)

Depth Bomb Test

USS TAWASA AFT-92

6800 personnel on 30 ships, including USS FRANK E EVANS (DD 754), participated in Wigwam. A 6 mile tow-line connected the fleet tug, USS TAWASA (AFT-92) and the shot barge. Suspended from this line at varying distances from the barge were three "Squaws," sub-scale submarine like pressure hulls equipped with instruments

and cameras.

The USS TAWASA (AFT-92)

would,

in 1969,

tow the aft end of USS FRANK E EVANS

(DD

754) on its last voyage from the scene of the Melbourne - Evans incident, to Subic Bay, PI.)

IN THE NEWS...PATRIOT GUARD RIDERS

The Patriot Guard Riders is an organization whose sole mission is to show their sincere respect for our fallen heroes, their families, and their communities and Shield the mourning family and their friends from interruptions created by any protestor or group of protestors. Their motto is...”Standing for Those Who Stood for Us.” The Patriot Guard Riders are comprised of a nationwide network of motorcycle riders and groups of people who have joined together to make appearances at funerals, send offs, and

welcome homes. patriotic heart.

You

don't

have

to

have

a

motorcycle

to

join,

just

a

Many of the riders are not veterans, in fact, but rather individuals who believe in gathering together to pay respect to those who serve in our armed forces. Riders are coordinated by regional and state captains, and they only appear upon request by a family member. They also appear at veteran events, hospital functions, memorial services, and rallies. To learn more about this fantastic organization, to view the photo gallery for your state, or to inquire about the no-cost membership, visit http://www.patriotguard.org/. The only prerequisite is Respect.

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