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POLICIES TO FIGHT URBAN POVERTY - page 2 / 30

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This document is the outcome of the contribution made by the project “Cities: management of social transformations and the environment” to strategies to fight poverty and to promote democratic culture. It was prepared subsequent to evaluations of the Cities Project which was set up as part of the UNESCO’s Management of Social Transformations (MOST) Programme for the period 1996-2001. Its objective was to produce a conceptual framework and a methodological guide for action on the basis of action to improve the quality of life of the inhabitants of pilot sites in Dakar and Port-au- Prince. This document thus fulfils the Cities Project’s concerns for replicability and transferability.

This document, and also the evaluations of the Yeumbeul/Malika (Dakar) and Jalousie (Port-au-Prince) Projects and the final evaluation of the Cities Project, was compiled and drafted by the sociologist, Denis Merklen. The author had the benefit of an ongoing working relationship with Geneviève Domenach-Chich, Co-ordinator of the project “Cities: management of social transformations and the environment”, a UNESCO focal point for the follow-up to Habitat II. Thanks are also extended to her for her help in compiling the French version of this document.

Documents available on http://www.unesco.org/most/mostmab2.htm

Contents

  • I.

    Introduction……………………………………………………………………………3

    • I.

      1. Policies in an urban environment………………………………………………….3

    • I.

      2. General framework of action to fight poverty in an urban environment ………….4

  • II.

    Neighbourhood organizations within local support networks……..…………..….4

    • II.

      1. Transcending simplistic perceptions and strengthening local support networks…6

    • II.

      2. Neighbourhood organizations ……………………………………………………9

    • II.

      3. Support for organizations and follow-up for their initiatives……………………10

  • III.

    Public institutions and the State: regulation and the public arena……………..13

    • III.

      1. Regulation………………………………………………………………………14

    • III.

      2. Democracy and the public arena: a place for conflict…………………………..17

    • III.

      3. The State and the municipalities………………………………………………. 18

    • III.

      4. The civil society-State relationship is at the core of policies……..…………… 19

  • IV.

    Local development NGOs. Mediation and support……………………………....20

    • IV.

      1. The contribution of NGOs……………………………………………………...20

    • IV.

      2. Some limitations of NGOs…………………………………………………...…21

  • V.

    General framework of action……………………………….………………………22

    • V.

      1. Problems often encountered in “well-intentioned” strategies…..……………….22

    • V.

      2. The general framework of action……………………………………….……….24

Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………….26

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