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d. Mechanisms for communication between the State (especially but not exclusively at municipal level), the NGO and neighbourhood organizations will be set up. These mechanisms will be central to structures for managing policies to fight poverty.

IV. Local development NGOs. Mediation and support. Development NGOs have been described as “a relatively small group” of intellectuals belonging to a certain “middle class” and often trained abroad. Progressive by inclination, these people have set up NGOs which endeavour to serve as structures providing mediation between the excluded majority of the population, on the one hand, and international bodies and State machinery on the other. These groups “have always had great difficulty in working out their relationship with the political authorities and with the majority of the population, which is organized on bases that are largely outside their grasp” (Pouligny, 2000: 566). This leads us to define their role and analyse their limitations.

IV.1. The contribution of NGOs. The role of NGOs can be a key factor in policies to fight poverty because the management of a development programme needs on-going follow-up among local populations and actors. The NGO’s role is to facilitate communication between the needs and interests of populations (represented by neighbourhood associations) and public institutions. It also involves providing support for neighbourhood organizations. NGOs are often responsible for embodying in a development project the needs expressed by associations.

SEVENTH RECOMMENDATION: Development NGOs’ contribution centres on three main activities: supporting neighbourhood organizations, establishing a momentum of communication, taking part in a research-action process.

a. To support neighbourhood organizations. NGOs will perform an essential function,

establishing methods of action and operational policies neighbourhood organizations. This will be done in four ways:

and

strengthening

  • Drawing up development projects based on the needs expressed by neighbourhood organizations, transferring the requisite capacities to empower populations.

  • Developing training facilities in several fields (technical, management, IT, crafts, policies).

  • Training local organizations in project conception and social and environmental management.

  • Providing resources (e.g., premises, communication and transport facilities, computer equipment) by developing relations with funding and co-operation agencies.

b. To promote an on-going communication process. In the context of a strategy to fight poverty, this means setting up policy management systems in which co-operation and participation are the keynote of decision-making. This component is designed to meet two

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