X hits on this document





129 / 150

over the years, the most important being the 1938 bill authorizing marketing quotas and the 1949 act authorizing price supports.

  • 1935: The Tobacco Inspection Act is enacted by Congress. This act established the framework

for development of official tobacco grade standards, authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to designate tobacco auction markets where tobacco growers would receive mandatory inspection of each lot of tobacco to determine its grade and type, and provided for the distribution of daily price reports showing the current average price for each grade. The Agricultural Marketing Service's Tobacco Division was established to provide these services to the industry. (Other authorizing legislation: The Tobacco Adjustment Act; Public Law 99-198, Section 1161; The Naval Stores Act

  • 1938: AGRICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ACT is passed again, this time authorizing

marketing quotas.

  • 1949: AGRICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ACT is passed again, this time authorizing price



requiring health warnings on cigarette packages only.

  • 1969: Congress enacts the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act of 1969, which amends the

1965 Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act to require the following warning: "The Surgeon General Has Determined That Cigarette Smoking is Dangerous to Your Health." The 1969 act also includes the phrase: "(b) No requirement or prohibition based on smoking and health shall be imposed under State law with respect to the advertising or promotion of any cigarettes the packages of which are labeled in conformity with the provisions of this Act." This proviso helps absolve the industry in many court cases, most recently in Pennsylvania's Carter case (1/27/03).

  • 1970-04-01: REGULATION: The Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act had been passed in

1969; The bill as signed into law by Richard Nixon on April 1, 1970 had been the result of over a year of fierce wrangling among the tobacco companies, broadcasters (who stood to lose a great deal of advertising income), the FTC, the FCC and Congress.

  • 1971: REGULATION: UK Government bans cigarette advertisements on radio

  • 1971-05: Charles E. Dederich, founder and head of Synanon, decided not only to stop

supplying his community of ex-heroin addicts cigarettes without charge but also to ban smoking on Synanon property. The next year is one of the most tumultuous in Synanon's history to that point. About 100 people left. At least one member told the New York Times that quitting tobacco was much harder than quitting heroin.

  • 1973: REGULATION: Congress enacts the Little Cigar Act of 1973, amending the Public

Health Cigarette Smoking Act to ban TV and radio advertising of little cigars.

  • 1982: REGULATION: Congress passes the No Net Cost Tobacco Program Act, requiring the

government's Commodity Credit Corporation, which pays for the government tobacco purchases, to recover all the money it spends on quota enforcement, price supports, and leaf grading programs. Now taxpayers no longer pay for losses incurred by the program, though they still pay about $16 million a year in administrative costs to run it.

  • 1984: The Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act was amended to require that one of

the four warning labels listed below appears in a specific format on cigarette packages and in most related advertising. Here's the US Code

  • SURGEON GENERAL'S WARNING: Smoking Causes Lung Cancer, Heart Disease, Emphysema, And May Complicate Pregnancy.

  • SURGEON GENERAL'S WARNING: Quitting Smoking Now Greatly Reduces Serious Risks to Your Health.


Document info
Document views736
Page views737
Page last viewedFri Jan 20 23:00:18 UTC 2017