1785: Conestoga wagons leave Pennsylvania for the West. The rolled tobacco leaves inside
lead to the term "Stogies" for cigars.
1788: BUSINESS: Spanish NEW ORLEANS opened for export of tobacco by Americans in
Mississippi valley. (ATS)
1788: AUSTRALIA: Tobacco arrives with the First Fleet
1789-1799: FRENCH REVOLUTION French masses begin to take to the cigarito, as the
form of tobacco use least like the aristocratic snuff. The hated tobacco monopoly is abolished (to be resurrected by Napoleon)
1790s: Lorillard creates the US's first national ad campaign by distributing its posters via post
1791: SCIENCE: ENGLAND: London physician John Hill reports cases in which use of snuff
caused nasal cancers.
1791: FRANCE: The National Assembly grants the freedom to cultivate and sell tobacco.
1794: TAXES: The U.S Congress passes the first federal excise tax on tobacco products. The
tax of 8 cents applies only to snuff, not the more plebian chewing or smoking tobacco. The tax is 60% of snuff's usual selling price. James Madison opposed the tax, saying it deprive poorer people of innocent gratification
1795: SCIENCE: Sammuel Thomas von Soemmering of Maine reports on cancers of the lip
in pipe smokers
1798. SCIENCE: Famed physician Benjamin Rush writes on the medical dangers of tobacco
and claims that smoking or chewing tobacco leads to drunkenness.
1798. The United States Marine Hospital Service is established. The service will become the
Public Health Service in 1912 and had been made part of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare in 1953.
Next Chapter: The Nineteenth Century--The Age of the Cigar
Chapter 1: Discovery Chapter 2: The Sixteenth Century--Sailors Spread the Seeds Chapter 3: The Seventeenth Century--"The Great Age of the Pipe" Chapter 4: The Eighteenth Century--Snuff Holds Sway Chapter 5: The Nineteenth Century--The Age of the Cigar Chapter 6: The Twentieth Century, 1900-1950--The Rise of the Cigarette Chapter 7: The Twentieth Century, 1950-1999--The Battle is Joined Chapter 8: The New Millennium Notes