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  • 1836: USA: Samuel Green of the New England Almanack and Farmers Friend writes that

tobacco is an insectide, a poison, a fillthy habit, and can kill a man. (LB)

  • 1839: AGRICULTURE: NORTH CAROLINA: SLADE "yallercure" presages flue-cured

Bright tobacco. Charcoal used in flue-curing for the first time in North Carolina. Not only cheaper, its intense heat turns the thinner, low-nicotine Piedmont leaf a brilliant golden color. This results in the classic American "Bright leaf" variety, which is so mild it virtually invites a smoker to inhale it.(RK), (ATS) (Legend has it that one night, an 18-year-old slave named Peter was assigned to keep watch over a barn of tobacco on the Slade Farm, tending the fire, feeding it just enough wood to push a steady, smoky heat through the barn. He fell asleep, and only woke up after a rainstorm had cooled the barn--and drenched his wood. Desperate, he got some charcoal from the blacksmith shop and used it to superheat the barn. This process accidentally turned the tobacco golden, and imbued it with a mild, buttery taste. Thus was the bright-leaf tobacco industry was born.)

  • 1840: BUSINESS: Miflin Marsh begins Marsh Wheeling Cigars in his Wheeling, WV, home.

  • 1840: Boston, MA, bans smoking as fire hazard.

  • 1842: USA: Charles Dickens in, "American Notes for General Circulation” describes

Washington, DC as the “the head-quarters of tobacco-tinctured saliva:" "Both Houses are handsomely carpeted; but the state to which these carpets are reduced by the universal disregard of the spittoon with which every honourable member is accommodated, and the extraordinary improvements on the pattern which are squirted and dabbled upon it in every direction, do not admit of being described. I will merely observe, that I strongly recommend all strangers not to look at the floor; and if they happen to drop anything, though it be their purse, not to pick it up with an ungloved hand on any account. It is somewhat remarkable too, at first, to say the least, to see so many honourable members with swelled faces; and it is scarcely less remarkable to discover that this appearance is caused by the quantity of tobacco they contrive to stow within the hollow of the cheek. It is strange enough, too, to see an honourable gentleman leaning back in his tilted chair, with his legs on the desk before him, shaping a convenient "plug" with his penknife, and, when it is quite ready for use, shooting the old one from his mouth as from a pop- gun, and clapping the new one in its place."

  • 1842: CHINA: OPIUM WAR. Treaty of Nanjing forces China to accept opium from British


  • 1843: FRANCE: SEITA monopoly begins manufacture of cigarettes.

  • 1843: MEDICINE: The correct molecular formula of nicotine is established

  • 1845: JOHN QUINCY ADAMS writes to the Rev. Samuel H. Cox: "In my early youth I was

addicted to the use of tobacco in two of its mysteries, smoking and chewing. I was warned by a medical friend of the pernicious operation of this habit upon the stomach and the nerves.''

  • 1845: BOOKS: Prosper Merimee's novel, Carmen, about a cigarette girl in an Andalusian

factory, is published

  • 1846-1848: MEXICAN WAR US soldiers bring back from the Southwest a taste for the

darker, richer tobacco favored in Latin countries--cigarros and cigareillos--leading to an explosive increase in the use of the cigar. (The South remains firmly attached to chewing tobacco.)

  • 1847: ENGLAND: Philip Morris opens shop; sells hand-rolled Turkish cigarettes.

  • 1848: GERMANY: REGULATION: Abolition of the last restrictions in Berlin (AHS)

  • 1848: ITALY: "Tobacco War" erupts as Italians stop smoking to protest AUSTRIAN control

of the tobacco monopoly. When Austrian soldiers smoke cigars on the street, deadly riots break out.

  • 1849: BUSINESS: J.E. Liggett and Brother is established in St. Louis, Mo., by John Edmund


  • 1849: CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH: One commentator writes of this period: "I have seen

purer liquors, better seegars, finer tobacco, truer guns and pistols, larger dirks and bowie knives, 19

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