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Morris' original factory in London. Ownership is split 50-50 between the British parent and American partners.

  • 1902: BUSINESS: ENGLAND: King Albert, long a fan of Philip Morris, Ltd., appoints the

Bond St. boutique royal tobacconist.(RK)

  • 1902: USA: Sears, Roebuck and Co catalogue (page 441) sells "Sure Cure for the Tobacco

Habit". Slogan "Tobacco to the Dogs". The product "will destroy the effects of nicotine". (LB)

  • 1902: Spring: Topsy, the ill-tempered Coney Island elephant, kills J. F. Blount, a keeper, who

tried to feed a lighted cigarette to her. She picked him up with her trunk and dashed him to the ground, killing him instantly. On January 5, 1903, 1500 watch Topsy's electrocution in Coney Island.

  • 1903: BRAZIL: Souza Cruz founded.

  • 1903: LEGISLATION: Kansas Legislature enacts the "slobbering" bill, prohibiting spitting

tobacco on floors, walls or carpets in churches, schools or public buildings.

  • 1903-08: The August Harpers Weekly says, "A great many thoughtful and intelligent men

who smoke don't know if it does them good or harm. They notice bad effects when they smoke too much. They know that having once acquired the habit, it bothers them . . . to have their allowance of tobacco cut off."

  • 1904: BUSINESS: Connorton's Tobacco Directory lists 2,124 "cigarettes, cigarros and

cheroots." (GTAT)

  • 1904: BUSINESS: Cigarette coupons first used as "come ons" for a new chain of tobacco

stores.

  • 1904: BUSINESS: Duke forms the American Tobacco Co. by the merger of 2 subsidiaries,

Consolidated and American & Continental. The only form of tobacco Duke does not control is cigars--the form with the most prestige.

  • 1904: American Lung Association is founded to fight tuberculosis.

  • 1904: MEDICINE: The first laboratory synthesis of nicotine is reported

  • 1904: New York: A judge sends a woman is sent to jail for 30 days for smoking in front of her

children.

  • 1904: New York CIty. A woman is arrested for smoking a cigarette in an automobile. "You

can't do that on Fifth Avenue," the arresting officer says

  • 1904: Kentucky tobacco farmers form a violent "protective association" to protect themselves

against rapacious tactics of large manufacturers, mostly the Duke combine. They destroy tobacco factories, crops, and even murder other planters. Disbanded in 1915.

  • 1905: POLITICS: Indiana legislature bribery attempt is exposed, leading to passage of total

cigarette ban

  • 1905: U.S. warships head to Nicaragua on behalf of William Albers, a Amaerican accused of

evading tobacco taxes

  • 1905: BUSINESS: ATC acquires R.A. Patterson's Lucky Strike company.

  • 1905: REGULATION: "Tobacco" does not appear in the US Pharmacopoeia, an official

government listing of drugs. "The removal of tobacco from the Pharmacopoeia was the price that had to be paid to get the support of tobacco state legislators for the Food and Drug Act of 1906. The elimination of the word tobacco automatically removed the leaf from FDA supervision."--Smoking and Politics: Policymaking and the Federal Bureaucracy Fritschler, A. Lee. 1969, p. 37

  • 1906: BUSINESS: Brown and Williamson Tobacco Company is formed

  • 1906: BUSINESS: R.J. Reynolds introduces Prince Albert pipe tobacco

  • 1906-06-30: FEDERAL FOOD AND DRUGS ACT of 1906 prohibits sale of adulterated

foods and drugs, and mandates honest statement of contents on labels. Food and Drug Administration begins. Originally, nicotine is on the list of drugs; after tobacco industry lobbying efforts, nicotine is removed from the list. Definition of a drug includes medicines and preparations listed in U.S. Pharmacoepia or National Formulary.

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