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1914 interpretation advised that tobacco be included only when used to cure, mitigate, or prevent disease.

  • 1906: AGRICULTURE: KY: "Night Riders" formed. A group of angry farmers don hoods

and ride horses out to terrorize other farmers who sold tobacco to the price-gouging American Tobacco Company. They burned barns and fields and even lynched people.

  • 1906-04: SMOKEFREE: IN: Richmond resident Orville Stanley is arrested and pleads guilty

to possession and unlawful use of tobacco. Fines are suspended because he is a minor.

  • 1907: Business owners are refusing to hire smokers. On August 8, the New York Times

writes: "Business ... is doing what all the anti-cigarette specialists could not do."

  • 1907: BUSINESS: American Tobacco purchases Butler & Butler, acquiring the Pall Mall


  • 1907: REGULATION: WASHINGTON passes a law making it illegal to "manufacture, sell,

exchange, barter, dispose of or give away any cigarettes, cigarette paper or cigarette wrappers."

  • 1907: REGULATION: Teddy Roosevelt's Justice Department files anti-trust charges against

American Tobacco.

  • 1907: ADVERTISING: Bull Durham ad shocks New York. In 1907, the American Tobacco

Company signed a contract with the operator of a horse-drawn stage line in New York to lease advertising space. One very controversial ad appeared for "Bull" Durham, the nation's leading tobacco brand. "Onlookers were shocked at the sight of the bull's well-endowed maleness so graphically rendered, and had the driver of the first stage that appeared on the street arrested." The City of New York sued the coach company and its client, the American Tobacco Company, to ban the ads. The case went all the way to the Supreme Court in 1911, which upheld New York's ban. Ironically, this case ruling took place the day after the same court handed down a historic verdict ordering the dissolution of the Buck Duke's $240 million-a-year American Tobacco Company monopoly, which the court deemed in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act. --Moyer, D. The Tobacco Reference Guide http://new.globalink.org/tobacco/trg/Chapter4/Chap4Page52.html

  • 1907-01-26: REGULATION: THE TILLMAN ACT. Congress enacts law prohibiting

campaign contributions by corporations to candidates for national posts. However, no restrictions were placed on the individuals who owned or managed the corporations. Enforcement was imposssible. "Behind the ostensible government sits enthroned an invisible government owing no allegiance and acknowledging no responsibility to the people. To destroy this invisible government, to befoul the unholy alliance between corrupt business and corrupt politics is the first task of the statesmanship of today."--Theodore Roosevelt

  • 1908: CANADA: LEGISLATION: The Tobacco Restraint Act passed. Bans sales of

cigarettes to those under 16; never enforced.

  • 1908: ENGLAND: LEGISLATION: 1908 Children Act prohibits the sales of tobacco to

under 16s -- based on the belief that smoking stunts childrens growth. This act paralleled similar acts for alcohol--based on medical and moral issues-- and concern for the welfare of children in general.

  • 1908: BUSINESS: RJ Reynolds releases Prince Albert pipe tobacco, "the Joy Smoke.",

catapulting Reynolds to a national market. (RK)

  • 1908-01: SMOKEFREE: New York city passes Sullivan Act, forbidding women to smoke in

public. Managers of public establishments must not permit females to smoke. An earlier ordinance which would have forbidden men to smoke in the presence of women failed to pass. One Katie Mulcahy is arrested for lighting up. Two weeks after enactment, Mayor George B. McClellan vetoes the ordinance.

  • 1908-01: NY: New York City bans smoking by women in public.

  • 1909: 15 states have passed legislation banning the sale of cigarettes.

  • 1909: "Princess Nicotine; or the Smoke Fairy" is the first instance of tobacco product

placement (for Sweet Caporal cigarettes and cigars) in the movies. The special effects are so remakable they are noted in a contemporary issue of "Scientific American."


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