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  • 1912: SINKING OF THE TITANIC Men in tuxedos are observed smoking cigarettes as

they await their fate. (RK)

  • 1912: REGULATION: TRADING WITH THE ENEMY ACT. It is under this act that

present-day Cuban cigar smugglers would be prosecuted. It carries a maximum penalty of $250,000 and 10 years in jail.

  • 1912: The UNITED STATES MARINE HOSPITAL SERVICE becomes the PUBLIC

HEALTH SERVICE.

  • 1912: BUSINESS: ENGLAND: Walter Molins and his son, Desmond form MOLINS

MACHINE CO. LTD., specializing in the making of cigarette machinery.

  • 1912: BUSINESS: PERCIVAL S. HILL becomes president of The AMERICAN TOBACCO

COMPANY

  • 1913: AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR THE CONTROL OF CANCER is formed to inform the

public about the disease. It will later become the AMERICAN CANCER SOCIETY.(RK)

  • 1913-10-21: BUSINESS: Birth of the "modern" cigarette: RJ REYNOLDS introduces

CAMEL, the nation's first pre-blended, packaged cigarette. The blend becomes known as "American blend," and helps Camel become the first nationally popular cigarette. Camels come in the country's first 20-cigarette pack.

  • 1913-14: ADVERTISING: PRINCE ALBERT tobacco uses CHIEF JOSEPH of the Nez

Perce Indians in its ads.

  • 1914: HEALTH: Lung cancer death rate is 0.6 per 100,000 (US Census Bureau); 371 cases

are reported in the US. (RK).

  • 1914: REGULATION: Smoking is banned in the US Senate chamber because a senator

recovering from a stroke complained of irritated lungs; chewing is still allowed.

  • 1914: BUSINESS: Peak of the cigar industry: there are 24,000 cigar factories in the US,

including hundreds in Brooklyn, NY.

  • 1914: BUSINESS: BRAZIL: BAT acquires Souza Cruz.

  • 1914: OPINION: Thomas Edison writes to Henry Ford on the health danger of cigarettes:

"The injurious agent in cigarettes comes principally from the burning paper wrapper. The substance thereby formed is called acrolein. It has a violent action on the nerve centers, producing degeneration of the cells of the brain, which is quite rapid among boys. Unlike most narcotics, this degeneration is permanent and uncontrollable. I employ no person who smokes cigarettes."

  • 1914: BOOKS: "The Social History of Smoking", by G. L. Apperson (London)

  • 1915: BUSINESS: Liggett & Myers reconstitutes Chesterfield in the Camel mode; shortens

slogan to: They Satisfy

  • 1915: BUSINESS: Thorne Bros. sell majority stake in Montgomery Ward to tobacco interests.

  • 1915: BUSINESS: CHINA: Brightleaf tobacco seeds and growing methods are first

transported to China ["The Tobacco Project"]

  • 1915: POETRY:

Tobacco is a dirty weed. I like it. It satisfies no normal need. I like it. It makes you thin, it makes you lean, It takes the hair right off your bean. It's the worst darn stuff I've ever seen. I like it.

  • --

    Graham Lee Hemminger, Penn State Froth, Tobacco

  • c. 1915: OPINION: Release of poster with quote from biologist Davis Starr Jordan, "The boy

who smokes cigarettes need not be anxious about his future, he has none" (LB)

  • 1916: Henry Ford publishes anti-cigarette pamphlet titled "The Case against the Little White

Slaver". (LB)

31

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