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  • 1940-1950: MEDIA: George Seldes exposes the suppression of tobacco stories by the nation's

press As most tobacco-ad-laden newspapers refused to report the growing evidence of tobacco's hazards, muckraking pioneer George Seldes starts his own newsletter in which he covered tobacco. "For 10 years, we pounded on tobacco as one of the only legal poisons you could buy in America," he told R. Holhut, editor of The George Seldes Reader.

  • 1940-09: Emily Post, America's premier arbiter of etiquette, writes, "those who smoke

outnumber those who do not by a hundred to one ... [so nonsmokers] ... must learn to adapt themselves to existing conditions ... and when they come into contact with smokers, it is scarcely fair that the few should be allowed to prohibit the many from the pursuit of their comforts and their pleasures." --"The Etiquette of Smoking." Good Housekeeping. Sept. 1940: 37.

  • 1941: MEDIA: Reader's Digest publishes "Nicotine Knockout" by prizefighter Gene Tunney.

  • 1941: HEALTH: An article by Dr. Michael DeBakey notes a correlation between the

increased sale of tobacco and the increasing prevalence of lung cancer

  • 1941: GERMANY: Tobacco taxes account for 1/12th of all revenues flowing into the national

treasury. (Proctor).

  • 1941-04-05: GERMANY: The racial hygienist and Professor of Medicine Karl Astel founds

the Wissenschaftliches Institut zur Erforschung der Tabakgefahren (Scientific Institute for the Research into the Hazards of Tobacco or Institute for the Struggle Against Tobacco Hazards, as it was also known), at Jena University in Weimar with a 100 000 Reichsmarks grant from Hitler's Reich Chancellery. Shortly after, the industry established its own information organ, the 'Tabacologia medicinalis,' which is soon shut down by Reich Health Fhrer Leonardo Conti. (Proctor).

  • 1941: ADVERTISING: RJR: Camel smoke-ring billboard becomes a Times Square landmark

for the next 25 years.

  • 1941: Drs. Alton Oschner and Michael DeBakey published “Carcinoma of the Lung” in

Archives of Surgery. The article noted the parallel rise in smoking and lung cancer, concluding that the latter was due mostly to the former, and included a lengthy bibliography of sources from multiple countries. In response, Edward Harlow, a chemist at the American Tobacco Company, circulated an internal memorandum. Referring to research funded or conducted by American Tobacco, Harlow predicted that impartial research would vindicate cigarettes but that “this would never be suspected by reading the extensive medical literature on tobacco.” He also noted that the “medical profession is the group which it is most desired to reach and convince” and that the “tobacco industry is very much in need of some friendly research in this field.” Decision in the Boerner case, Jan 7, 2005.

  • 1942: SCIENCE: British researcher L.M. Johnston successfully substituted nicotine injections

for smoking Johnston discusses aspects of addiction including tolerance, craving and withdrawal symptoms. He concludes: Clearly the essence of tobacco smoking is the tobacco and not the smoking. Satisfaction can be obtained from chewing it, from snuff taking, and from the administration of nicotine. The experiment is reported in the British medical journal Lancet.

  • 1942: LITIGATION: 17-year-old Rose Cipollone begins smoking Chesterfields.


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