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  • 1982: BUSINESS: RJR begins a research program into the effects of nicotine. The program

will eventually morph into the spinoff in 2000 of "Targacept," focusing on Central Nervous System diseases.

  • 1982: BUSINESS: BATUS Retail Group buys Marshal Field's department stores.

  • 1982: HEALTH: Surgeon General's Report (Koop) finds possibility that second-hand smoke

may cause lung cancer.

  • 1982: LITIGATION: Rose Cipollone loses her right lung to cancer; continues to sneak


  • 1982: LEGISLATION: Congress passes the No Net Cost Tobacco Program Act, requiring the

government's Commodity Credit Corporation, which pays for the government tobacco purchases, to recover all the money it spends on the price-support program. Now taxpayers no longer pay for losses incurred by the program, though they still pay about $16 million a year in administrative costs to run it

  • 1982: Dallas hotelier Lyndon Sanders opens the Non-Smokers Inn; By 1990 an economic

slump forced the Non-Smokers Inn to change its policy -- and its name.

  • 1982-01-01: CHINA: The China National Tobacco Corporation is founded.

The State Tobacco Monopoly (STM) controls tobacco production, distribution and sales. It becomes the country's single biggest taxpayer in 1987. As of January, 2003, STM operates 123 cigarette plants with annual output of 500 billion yuan. It employs about 500,000 workers and produces 38 per cent of the world's cigarettes.

  • 1983: 16TH Surgeon General's Report: The Health Consequences of Smoking:

Cardiovascualr Disease; A report of the Surgeon General Cites smoking as a major cause of coronary heart disease

  • 1983: MARKET SHARE: Philip Morris U.S.A. gains market share for the 21st consecutive

year, to reach 34.4 percent, overtaking RJR to become the #1 tobacco co. in the US in sales. For the 30th consecutive year, Philip Morris announces record revenues ($13 billion) and earnings ($904 million).

  • 1983: BUSINESS: US Tobacco introduces Skoal Bandits -- a starter product, with the tobacco

contained in a pouch like a tea bag.

  • 1983: BUSINESS: UK: Ad agency Saatchi & Saatchi creates its first product-free Silk Cut

advertisements, the most successful tobacco-ad campaign ever.

  • 1983: LITIGATION: Cipollone suit filed; Rose finally quits smoking.

  • 1983: REGULATION: San Francisco passes first strong workplace smoking restrictions,

banning smoking in private workplaces

  • 1983: USA: BUSINESS: The creative director of a New York advertising agency spoke of

working on tobacco advertisements, "We were trying very hard to influence kids who were 14 to start smoking". (Medical J of Australia, 5 March 1983, p.237). (LB)

  • 1983-06-06: MEDIA: Newsweek runs "Showdown on Smoking"

(http://my.tobaccodocuments.org/view.cfm?docid=503744468 - 4478&source=SNAPRJR&ShowImages=yes, a 4 page article on the nonsmokers' rights movement. Despite months of TI input, the removal of the item from Cover Story status, and the deletion of 3 sidebars (on health effects, political donations/industry lobbying, and a poor business prognosis), TI felt, "the article contains sufficient errors and indicatons of superficiality and poor research so as to leqave an anti-smoking bias in readers' minds." Issues of Newsweek before & after carried 7-10 pages of cigarette ads, but the June 6 issue carried none. According to Larry C. White's Merchants of Death, the estimated loss of revenue as a result of publishing the article: $1 million.

  • 1983-07-15: UK: Allen Carr quits smoking. He will later become Britain's greatest stop-

smoking guru, writing the best-selling, "Easy Way To Stop Smoking".


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