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  • 1986: US breaks down Japan's cigarette import barriers. In July, US Senator Jesse Helms

backs up a USTR threat to investigate unfair trade practices against Japan unless it removes its barriers against US cigarettes. He wrote to Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone, "Your friends in Congress will have a better chance to stem the tide of anti-Japanese trade sentiment if and when they can cite tangible examples of your doors being opened to American products. I urge that you make a commitment to establish a timetable for allowing U.S. cigarettes a specific share of your market. May I suggest a goal of 20 percent within the next 18 months?" By the end of the year, Japan opened its doors to US cigarettes.

  • 1986-05: To counter the Great American Smokeout, Philip Morris USA introduces the Great

American Smoker's Kit. (Tapgram, Jan., 1987)

  • 1986-07: RJR Heir Turns Against Tobacco. The grandson of tobacco company founder RJ

Reynolds, PATRICK REYNOLDS, speaks against tobacco at a House Congresional hearing chaired by Congressman Henry Waxman; he advocates a complete ban of tobacco advertising, and recounts his memories of watching his father, RJ REYNOLDS, JR., die from emphysema.

  • 1987: CONSUMPTION: 44 percent of people who had ever smoked had quit as of 1987.

  • 1987: UK: The King's Cross station fire kills 31 people. It is believed it was started by a still-

lit match which dropped through a wooden escalator onto a trash pile below.

  • 1987: REGULATION: Secretary of Transportation Elizabeth Dole refuses to ban smoking

completely on airplanes, despite a unanimous recommendation from the National Academy of Scientists and Surgeon General C. Everett Koop.

  • 1987: LEGISLATION: CA: Willie Brown's "Napkin Deal" is passed. Civil Code Sec. 1714.45

bars product liability actions for tobacco and other "common" and inherently unsafe products, on the grounds that consumer use of those products is "knowing" and "voluntary." Outlined on a linen napkin at the watering hole Frank Fat's by Bill Lockyer and then-Speaker Brown, the law was one of the most famous back room deals ever struck in Sacramento. (Code of Civil Procedure 1714.45). It takes effect on Jan. 1, 1988, and remains in effect for exactly 10 years, until the Calif. legislature, shocked by revelations from secret documents, strips the industry's immunity away again from the legislation, effective Jan. 1, 1998.

  • 1987: BUSINESS: Philip Morris execs are blessed by Cardinal Cooke. For the Treasures of

the Vatican exhibit, Terence Cardinal Cooke, then the Roman Catholic Archbishop of New York, led a prayer for former Philip Morris CEO George Weissman and his Philip Morris colleagues. After the benediction, Frank Saunders, PM VP, said, "We are probably the only cigarette company on this earth to be blessed by a cardinal."

  • 1987: LITIGATION: INDONESIA: Lawyer R.O. Tambunan, on behalf of Indonesian youth,

files a class-action suit for Rp 1 trillion against cigarette producer PT Bentoel, for allegedly violating the law by using the words Remaja Jaya (Successful Youth) as the brand name of its product. The Central Jakarta District Court dismissesthe suit, saying that Tambunan had no right to take action as a representative of Indonesian youth.

  • 1987: REGULATION: Congress bans smoking on domestic flights of less than two hours.

Takes effect in 1988.

  • 1987: REGULATION: Aspen, Colo., becomes the first city in the United States to ban

smoking in restaurants.

  • 1987: REGULATION: Beverly Hills, CA, bans smoking in restuarants. Barry Fogel (Jacopos)

the restauranteur who is the nominal head of the Beverly Hills Restaurant Association, later said the group was fabricated,, and that he regretted having anything to do with it. BHRA was organized by Rudy Cole according to Consumer Reports. It took a survey of Beverly Hills restaurants which found business decreased 30% durng a 1987 smoking ban. "What if they Passed a Law That Took Away 30 Percent of Your Business" read an ad that the Tobacco Institute ran in some restaurant trade publications. In 1994, Fogel wrote to the NYC council that he had been president in 1988 of the BHRA, which successfully fought a local smokefree bill,

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