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further preserved by the stamping of a tobacco-leaf upon the old continental money used in the Revolution." --19th century historian (DB)

  • 1600: BRAZIL: AGRICULTURE: European cultivation of tobacco begins

  • 1600: ENGLAND: Sir Walter Raleigh persuades Queen Elizabeth to try smoking

  • 1601: TURKEY: Smoking is introduced, and rapidly takes hold while clerics denounce it.

"Puffing in each other's faces, they made the streets and markets stink," writes historian Ibrahim Pecevi.

  • 1601 (approx): Samuel Rowlands writes,

But this same poyson, steeped India weede In head, hart, lunges, do the soote and cobwebs breede With that he gasp'd, and breath'd out such a smoke That all the standers by were like to choke.

  • 1602: ENGLAND: Publication of Worke of Chimney Sweepers (also referenced as Chimny-

Sweepers or A Warning for Tabacconists [sic]), by an anonymous doctor identified as 'Philaretes' states that illness of chimney sweepers is caused by soot and that tobacco may have similar effects. "Tobacco works by evaporating man's 'unctuous and radical moistures'- as was demonstrated in the fact that it was employed to cure gonorrhea by drying up the discharge. But this process, if too long continued, could only end by drying up 'spermatical humidity,' too, rendering him incapable of propagation. Experience also showed that tobacco left men in a state of depression, 'mopishness and sottishness,' which in the long run must damage memory, imagination and understanding." Based on 'the humours', Philaretes discussed many of the health risks which were later proven to be true. (Brian Inglis, The Forbidden Game: A Social History of Drugs, New York, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1975.)

  • 1602: ENGLAND: Roger Markecke writes A Defense of Tobacco, in response to

Chimneysweeps (LB)

  • 1603: ENGLAND: Physicians, upset that tobacco is being used by people without a

physician's prescription; complain to King James I.(TSW)

  • 1604: ENGLAND: King James I writes "A Counterblaste to Tobacco"

  • 1604: ENGLAND: TAXES: King James I increases import tax on tobacco 4,000% [from 2

pence/lb to 6 shillings 10 pence/lb. His majesty seems, however, to have advanced very substantial reasons for this virtual prohibition of tobacco; for if any circumstance can justify what are termed "strong measures" on the part of a government, certainly the wanton luxury and debauchery of its people must be amongst the best apologies for a stretch of power, which might, in other respects, have been deeed arbitrary, and unbecoming a British monarch.-- Tatham, "An Historical and Practical Essay on the Culture and Commerce of Tobacco" (1800)

  • 1605: ENGLAND: Debate between King James I and Dr. Cheynell.(TSW)

  • 1606: SPAIN: King Philip Ill decrees that tobacco may only be grown in specific locations--

including Cuba, Santo Domingo, Venezuela and Puerto Rico. Sale of tobacco to foreigners is punishable by death.


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