1999-07-07: LITIGATION: ENGLE jurors rule that smoking causes diseases such as lung
cancer and that U.S. cigarette makers hid the dangers of their products from the public.
1999-09-22: LITIGATION: DOJ: US Justice Department sues the tobacco industry under the
racketeering and health care recovery laws (1) a Medical Care Recovery Act claim, which allows the United States to recoup money it spent on treating Medicare or military patients injured by a third party, and 2) a civil RICO claim that accuses cigarette-makers of a "coordinated campaign of fraud and deceit.") In the same press release, the DOJ indicates its 5- year criminal investigation of the industry has been dropped.
1999-10: WHO's first Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Working Group meets.
1999-10-06: BUSINESS: Tabacalera and Seita announce plans to join forces. The new
combined company will be known as Altadis.
1999-10-13: BUSINESS: Philip Morris launches website; for first time, acknowledges
scientific consensus on smoking. "There is an overwhelming medical and scientific consensus that cigarette smoking causes lung cancer, heart disease, emphysema and other serious diseases in smokers,'' its website, http://www.philipmorris.com, states. ``there is no safe cigarette . . . cigarette smoking is addictive, as that term is most commonly used today.'' In 2003, William Ohlemeyer, noting the occasion, said the admission "meant we were becoming less literal in our view of the effects of tobacco."
1999-10-20: LITIGATION: ENGLE: 3rd District Court of Appeal clears the way for a lump-
sum, punitive damage decision in the Penalty Phase.
1999-11: BUSINESS: Philip Morris begins $100 Million ad campaign touting its charitable
1999-11-12: LOBBYING: New York Lobbying Commission hits Philip Morris with the
largest fine in commission history, $75,000; forbids PM's chief Albany representative Sharon Portnoy from lobbying in New York state for three years.
1999-12-01: SCOTUS: Supreme Court hears FDA arguments.
1999-12-07: REGULATION: Defense Secretary William Cohen issues a policy letter granting
a three-year grace period for all Morale, Welfare and Recreational facilities to comply with new no-smoking rules.
1999-12-08: LITIGATION: FRANCE: SEITA is found partly responsible for the death of
smoker Richard Gourlain. This is the first time a tobacco company has been held responsible in a health liability case in France.
1999-12-10: BUSINESS: Altadis shares begin trading on Paris and Madrid exchanges.
1999-12-22: LITIGATION: CANADA: Canada sues 3 manufacturers over smuggling issues
in a NY court (Attorney General of Canada v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Holdings Inc.).
Next Chapter: The New Millennium
Chapter 1: Discovery Chapter 2: The Sixteenth Century--Sailors Spread the Seeds Chapter 3: The Seventeenth Century--"The Great Age of the Pipe" Chapter 4: The Eighteenth Century--Snuff Holds Sway Chapter 5: The Nineteenth Century--The Age of the Cigar Chapter 6: The Twentieth Century, 1900-1950--The Rise of the Cigarette Chapter 7: The Twentieth Century, 1950-1999--The Battle is Joined