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A Short History of San Francisco Bay Area Transit: Is Valley Transit the Worst Transit

Agency in the U.S? Thomas A. Rubin, San Jose, CA, November 10, 2007

FTA "Top 20" + Valley Transit Association Bus Operators 2005

Slide 32: FTA’s Top 20 Transit Agencies and Farebox Recovery Ratios

Transit System

Farebox Ratio

NYCT

42.4%

NJTC

39.9%

CTA

34.2%

SEPTA

34.1%

NYCDOT

32.8%

Weighted Average

31.2%

MARTA

30.6%

LA-MTA

30.0%

M-MTA

29.8%

MT

28.5%

MDT

28.1%

Simple Average

26.7%

WMATA

24.2%

OCTA

23.8%

PAT

23.5%

MBTA

22.0%

KC-DOT

20.5%

RTD

20.5%

AC

18.9%

Tri-Met

18.7%

MTA-HC

17.9%

SCVTA

14.0%

DART

12.7%

http://americandreamcoalition.org/Rubin11-10-07.pdf

State and International Transit Subsidies

Coping with Transportation Funding Deficits: A Survey of the States Paul Coussan, Policy Intern and Matthew Hicks, Associate Legislative Director Economic Development and Transportation Association, County Commissioners of Georgia, September 2009 Many states are wrestling with how to close a growing gap between transportation infrastructure investment needs and available resources. This report seeks to inventory the successes and failures of states to increase transportation funding since 2000, more closely examine the level – local, regional, or statewide – at which the revenue sources are enacted, and study the method – either referenda-based or legislative - used. In doing so, we hope to assist Georgia’s policymakers as they develop a plan to meet the state’s transportation funding needs. Transportation Funding Referenda Nationally A total of 210 referenda to increase revenues for transportation were brought to voters at the statewide, regional and local levels between 2000 and 2009, with varying levels of success.

  • The use of referenda across the country dramatically increased after 2004.

  • In no states did voters approve a statewide sales tax for transportation, and the only two

statewide motor fuel tax referenda on ballots failed.

  • There were more local tax measures (173) than any other type of measure and they were

primarily devoted to funding public transit projects. Local sales tax referenda were by far the most numerous (99).

  • There were 19 regional measures in states during the years studied. The majority were for sales

tax increases (9 of 13 were approved), while a few were fee and property tax increase proposals.

  • Seventeen statewide measures were on the ballot during this period. All but three were for bond

approvals. Two measures, which were defeated, proposed increasing the statewide motor fuel

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