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declared in his West Point speech that different circumstances require different methods,

but not different moralities (Podhoretz 2002, In Praise of the Bush Doctrine). If states

support or harbor terrorists, rooting out terrorism would require aggressive action not

only against the terrorists, but also against states that break the norms of civilized

behavior (The White House 2002, 15).

Furthermore, the Bush Doctrine insists on zero-tolerance for non-alignment in the

campaign against terrorism (DeYoung 2001, A01). President Bush’s remark to the nation

on September 11, 2001, put forth this belief: “We will make no distinction between the

terrorists who committed these acts and those who harbor them” (quoted in Kuniholm

2002, 9/11, the Great Game). The president had repeatedly made clear that people are

either “with us or against us”: “From this day forward, any nation that continues to

harbor or support terrorism will be regarded by the United States as a hostile regime”

(quoted in PBS Online 2003, The Evolution of the Bush Doctrine). Bush argued that

those driven by enmity or by a need to dominate would not respond to reason or

goodwill, but would instead acquire weapons of mass destruction to be used as threats

offensively to achieve the aggressive designs of their regimes (The White House 2002,

14). This led Bush to declare that, “What was decided was, the doctrine is, if you harbor

[terrorists], feed them, house them, you’re just as guilty, and you will be held to account”

(quoted in Woodward 2002, 73). “If the line isn’t clear and there aren’t clear

consequences,” Bush had mentioned, “people migrate to the wrong side of the line”

(quoted in Woodward 2002, 90). Therefore the Bush Doctrine concluded, in the war

“evil ones” in his “axis of evil” State of Union address on January 29, 2002 condemning Iran, Iraq and North Korea: “States like these, and their terrorist allies, constitute an axis of evil, arming to threaten the peace of the world” (quoted in Schneider 2002, A Reagan Echo).

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