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the president to Cooper’s lone character (Kelly 2002, B-3).40 At his speech at Hadleyville

on the Hudson, Bush declared that the United Nation’s credibility was at stake. He

believed that if the United Nations would not enforce its own rules, it would become as

irrelevant as its impotent predecessor, the League of Nations (Kelly 2002, B-3).41 Bush

demanded that the United Nations “show some backbone” (quoted in Kornblut 2003, 16).

“We cannot stand by and do nothing while dangers gather,” declared the president. “We

must stand up for our security, and for the permanent rights and hopes of mankind. By

heritage and by choice, the United States of America will make that stand. Delegates to

the United Nations, you have the power to make that stand as well” (quoted in Kelly

2002, B-3). As Wolfowitz pointed out, leaders can’t always be diplomatic – “as a

practical and moral point, principles count” (Kagan and Kristol 2000, 323). In a case

where normal allies are unhelpful, unilateral action was sometimes the only right way to

defend oneself from imminent danger of attack (The White House 2002, 6).

As follows, the Bush Doctrine does not tolerate non-alignment in the campaign

against terrorism. The president declared that in the war against terrorism, it was “a black

and white choice with no gray” in countries choosing sides (Woodward 2002, 47). While

the United States will constantly strive to enlist the support of the international

community, the United States will not hesitate to act alone, if necessary, to exercise our

40 Drawing a parallel to the classic cowboy film, Bush (re: Kane) prepares for a confrontation with Hussein (re: Frank Miller). He tries to recruit a posse, but the town’s citizens (re: America’s ally nations), but is deserted by his allies. Bush doesn’t rush to the showdown (re: war), but moves methodically, letting others (re: the United Nations) know he wants their help. But they decline, and so Bush must face the bad guys alone.

41 Cochairman of the Council on Foreign Relation's task force on post conflict Iraq, James Schlesinger described the situation: “What I think is clear is that given the test to which the United Nations was subjected during particularly the second – so-called second resolution – that the United Nations failed that test, we would, if we went back, we would fall into the endless


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