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civilization’s opponents (Slotkin 1998, 400). Everyone knows what the cowboy is

supposed to do, and he does it (Fishwick 1952, 91). “To his code […] he is faithful to the

end,” stated Fishwick (Fishwick 1952, 92).

Similarly, the Bush Doctrine declared that the United States should also enforce

justice – though in America’s case, on an international scale. “We build a world of

justice, or we will live in a world of coercion,” said Bush during a visit to Berlin on May

23, 2002 (quoted in The White House 2002, 9). The Bush Doctrine stated that in a world

where evil dictators still hang on to power, the seeds of global war might again be planted

and allowed to grow (The White House 2002, v). Thus, the president believed that if the

enemy were not contained, civilization would be at risk (Kuniholm 2002, 9/11, the Great

Game). In his speech to Congress on September 20, 2001, Bush outlined a vision of

strong American leadership in the world:

Freedom and fear are at war. The advance of human freedom – the great achievement of our time, and the great hope of every time – now depends on us. Our nation – this generation – will lift a dark threat of violence from our people and our future. We will rally the world to this cause by our efforts, by our courage. We will not tire, we will not falter, and we will not fail (quoted in PBS Online 2003, The Evolution of the Bush Doctrine).

The Bush Doctrine advocates a duty to defend the weak, a sense of responsibility

to protect weaker countries that are unable to adequately defend themselves: “[The]

values of freedom are right and true for every person, in every society – and the duty of

protecting these values against their enemies is the common calling of freedom-loving

people across the glove and across the ages” (The White House 2002, iv). As stated in

was wise, but that added to the perception, especially at the U.N., that Bush is a unilateralist

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