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“The information age’s toxic garbage” A review of electronic waste (e-waste) ... - page 23 / 24

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C O N C L U S I O N S

Technological revolution produces faster, smaller and cheaper EEEs. E-waste is inevitable by-product of an exponential evolution of personnel electronic appliances.

E-waste reduction and producer responsibility from “cradle-to-grave” are becoming important.

Extended Producers Responsibiity  “Take it back, make it clean and recycle”.

Producers should design their products with longer life-span and increased recyclibility.

E-waste recycling infrastructure for collection and processing are not well established in the world yet.

Exporting e-waste to overseas and using women/prisoners/childreen are not right, fair and humanistic solution.

Current recycling techniques are expensive, not automated and depend on mostly manual operations.

Use Best Available Hydrometallurgical Technologies (BAT) rather than pyrometallurgical Technologies in e-waste recycling.

4-6 kg WEEE should be collected per person and 75% of this must be recycled each year in any country.

Apply “Reduce, Reuse and Recycle (RRR)” waste management hierarchy.

Countries must obey the Basel Convention, WEEE and RoHS directives.

E-waste recycling not only protects environment, but also saves energy and raw materials.

E-waste recycling market will be a promising sector in the near future.

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