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“The information age’s toxic garbage” A review of electronic waste (e-waste) ... - page 5 / 24

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e-WASTE DISPOSAL METHODS (BASEL CONVENTION bans the transport/export of hazardous material from rich to poor countries and 170 countries signed the convention)

CONVENTIONAL

(Cheap but not environment friendly

(contaminate ground water, soil and air)

I.   LANDFILL (contaminate ground water)

II.  STABILIZING (requires pretreatment and expensive)

III.  INCINERATION/BURNING (releases metals/ashes/gases)

IV. EXPORTING TO THE POOR COUNTRIES (cheap, easy)

(Disposal of e-waste to the MSW  is prohibited today)

NEW WASTE MANAGEMENT OPTIONS/TECHNOLOGIES

(expensive but environment friendly)

I.   RECOVERY (collection, sorting)

II.  REUSE (resell, second-hand use)

III. RECYCLING (valuable materials are recovered by hydro, pyro and electro  metallurgical methods)

* example: Umicore (recycled 1% of cellphones in the world in 2006)

Financement:

-

Advanced Recycling Fee (ARF):  (Swico) (consumer pay 7-30 $)

-

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) TakeBack (GreenPhone, Collective Goods)

-

Tax Incentives (Credit)

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