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Hassel Stacy Jr. Dr. Philip Lunsford ICTN4040 601 04/16/06 - page 1 / 8





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Hassel Stacy Jr. Dr. Philip Lunsford ICTN4040 601 04/16/06

Computer Forensics For Law Enforcement

The Internet, data systems and growing computer networks provide many opportunities

for computer crimes. Computers are increasingly used to commit, enable or support crimes

perpetrated against business, people and property. Computers can be used to commit the crime, may

contain evidence from a crime and could be targets of crime. Understanding the role and nature of

evidence that might be found, how to process a crime scene containing potential forensic evidence,

and how an agency might respond to such experiences of the law enforcement community, the public

sector, and the private sector in the recognition, collection and preservation of computer forensic

evidence in a variety of crime scenes will be defined in the following paragraphs.

A phrase often heard in computer technology is “computer forensics”. Computer forensics is

process of collecting, analyzing and preserving computer related data. I am going to examine computer

forensics for law enforcement. I will provide the reader with a better understanding of computer

forensics, I will reference specific laws dealing with cybercrime. Finally, I will discuss the tools and

techniques to gather evidence from a cybercrime.

The are many laws which deal with cybercrime and provide precedence for law enforcement

personnel. The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 (as amended in 1994 and 1996) makes it

illegal to knowingly access a computer without authorization or exceeding authorized access, and to

intentionally, without authorization, access any nonpublic computer of a department or agency of the

Government of the United States. The US Patriot Act of 2001 modified a wide range of existing laws

to provide law enforcement with broader control in order to combat terrorism. These laws provide

stiff penalities of up to 20 years in prison. There are many types of cybercrime. Some examples are:

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