Enhanced interpersonal relationships
Improved group cohesiveness
Successful and safe emotional release
Selected Research Samples
Music therapy as an addition to standard care helps people with schizophrenia to improve their global state and may also improve mental state and functioning if a sufficient number of music therapy sessions are provided.
Schizophrenia or Schizophrenia-like Illnesses. The Cochrane Database of Systematic
Accession: 00075320-100000000-03007 PMID: 15846692
Music therapy significantly diminished patients’ negative symptoms, increased their ability to converse with others, reduced their social isolation, and increased their level of interest in external events. As music therapy has no side-effects and is relatively inexpensive, it merits further evaluation and wider application.
Tang W, Yao X, Zheng Z. Rehabilitative effect of music therapy for residual schizophrenia: A one-month randomised controlled trial in Shanghai. British Journal of Psychiatry 1994;165(suppl. 24):38-44. PMID: 7946230
Results indicated that music has proven to be significantly effective in suppressing and
combating the symptoms of psychosis.
Silverman, M.J. The Influence of Music on the Symptoms of Psychosis: A Meta- Analysis. Journal of Music Therapy 2003; XL(1) 27-40.
Depressed adolescents listening to music experienced a significant decrease in stress hormone (cortisol) levels, and most adolescents shifted toward left frontal EEG activation (associated with positive affect).
Field, T., Martinez, A., Nawrocki, T., Pickens, J., Fox N.A., & Schanberg, S.
. Music shifts frontal EEG in depressed adolescents. Adolescence, 33(129), 109-116.
Music therapy clients significantly improved on the Aggression/Hostility scale of Achenbach’s Teacher’s Report Form, suggesting that group music therapy can facilitate self-expression and provide a channel for transforming frustration, anger, and aggression into the experience of creativity and self-mastery.
Montello, L.M., & Coons, E.E. (1998). Effect of active versus passive group music therapy on preadolescents with emotional, learning, and behavioral disorders. Journal of Music Therapy, 35, 49-67.