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('s-Gravenhage 1983),nr. 9. The Dutch "structuurbeginsel" combines both the Principle of Respect for Archival Structure and the Registry Principle, as defined in Walne, ed., Dictionary ofArchiva1 Termi- nology. See also M. Roper, "The Development of the Principles of Provenance and Respect for Origi- nal Order in the Public Record Office," in Barbara L. Craig, ed., TheArchival Imagination, pp. 134-53. 21 Hardenberg, "Some Reflections:' p. 111. 22 Van der Gouw, Archiefwetenschap, pp. 6-7. 23 Goelema, "De Handleiding," p. 67, assumes that Van Riemsdijk proposed this section. It replaced a more detailed section in the first draft, submitted to De Stuers by his staff, which had borrowed the prescription of the "respect des fonds" from the Belgian regulations of 1851, which had, in turn, been copied from the French circular of 1841 (see Brichford, "The Origins," p. 89): H.J.A.H.G. Metselaars, "De totstandkoming van het rijksarchief in Gelderland, 1876-1877,'' Bijdragen en Mededelingen der Vereniging 'Gelre'59 (1976-1977),pp. 250-5 1. 24 Van Riemsdijk Papers, 625116. 25 Goelema, "De Handleiding," p. 67. 26 T.H.P.M. Thomassen, "Kennis of macht: de paradox van een professie. De Verenigingvan archivarissen en de kwaliteit van de beroepsuitoefening," in P. Brood, ed., Respect voor de oude orde, p. 198. The directives were copied in the Manual in paragraphs I, 5, 7, 52, 54, and 70. 27 Ketelaar, "Muller, Feith, and Fruin," p. 259. 28 Nederlands Archievenblad 48 (1940-1941). p. 142. 29 Horsman, "Taming the Elephant," p. 55. 30 Ketelaar, "Muller, Feith and Fruin," p. 259. 31 Thomassen, "Kennis of macht," pp. 198-99;T.H.P.M.Thomassen, "Geen woorden maar handelingen. Werken am een nieuwe verhouding tussen archief- en geschiedwetenschap,"Nederlands Archievenblad 98 (1994), p. 1 10. 32 Van der Gouw, Archiefwetenschap, p. 4; Thomassen, "Kennis of macht," p. 213. 33 Terry Cook, "From Information to Knowledge: An Intellectual Paradigm for Archives," Archivaria 19 (Winter 1984.85). p. 45, reprinted in T. Nesmith, ed., Canadian Archival Studies and the Rediscovery of Provenance (Metuchen and London, 1993), p. 217. It was a recapitulation of Frank Burke's lament: "The Future Course of Archival Theory in the United States,"American Archivist 44 (1961),pp. 40-46. 34 Van der Gouw, Archiefwetenschap, p. 4; Ketelaar, "Muller, Feith, and Fruin," p. 266. 35 A. Menne-Haritz, "Archivfachliche Ausbildung: den Anforderungen der Gesellschaft des 21. Jahrhunderts gerecht werden," Archivuni 39 (1994), p. 265 (English version, "Archival Education: Meeting the Needs of Society in the Twenty-first Century (Paper presented at the XIlth International Congress on Archives, Montreal, 1992),p. 5. 36 Thomassen, "Geen woorden," p. 110. 37 R.J. Cox, "Professionalism and Archivists in the United States,"AnlericunAtrhivist 49 (Summer 1986). pp. 229-47, reprinted in R.J. Cox, American Archival Analysis. The Recent Development of the Archi- val Profession in the United States (Metuchen and London, 1990). p. 45. 38 Menne-Haritz, "Archivfachliche Ausbildung," pp. 273-74 (English paper, p. 13). 39 R.J. Cox, "Archival Education in the United States: Old Concerns, but New Futures?," in Cox, Ameri- can Archival Analysis, p. 105. 40 J. Favier and D. Neirinck, eds., La pratique archivistique franpise (Paris, 1993), p. I 1. 41 B. Delmas, "Bilan et perspectives de I'archivistique franpise au seuil du troisihe milltnnaire," in 0 . Bucci, ed., Archival Science on the Threshold ofthe year 2000 (Ancona, 1992), pp. 81-109; Ketelaar, Voorwerp, pp. 19-20;Thomassen, "Geen woorden," pp. 108-109. 42 Ketelaar, Voorwerp, p. 20. 43 S. McKemmish, "Are Records Ever Actual?," in S. McKemmish and M. Piggott, eds., The Records Continuum pp. 189-91, 196. 44 McKemmish, "Are Records Ever Actual?," p. 196.Thirty years ago one of the leading Dutch archival theorists Panhuysen summoned Dutch archivists to study earnestly the history of record-creating insti- tutions: "We have to know exactly with the fullest detail, how these modern government agencies create records and which records they produce. We have also to know how the interrelation of the competences of these agencies is, because that determines essentially the content and the value of the records they create; at the same time because from that knowledge depends a good judgment on the relationship of these records and thereby concurrently the decision which records are of enduring his- torical value and which recordscan be consideredfor destruction." G.W.A.Panhuysen,"structuurbeginsel contra beginsel van herkomst?," Nederlands Archievenblud 69 (1965), p. 32.

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