Reports of State Secretaries, Socialist Party of America 
literature instead of Socialist oratory. Whether this is the better basis for a Socialist movement may be de- termined from the following results:
In 1898 the Social Democratic vote in Milwau- kee was 2,700; in 1900 in the spring it was 2,500, in the fall 4,700; in April 1902, 8,400; in November 1902, 11,200. The Social Democratic party in 1898 polled 2,500 votes in the state of Wisconsin — in 1900, 16,000 votes. This steady increase shows a certain sta- bility in the movement, and indicates that it is founded on Socialist principles rather than a mere sudden flash of popular sentiment.
The town elections last April resulted in further gains for our party. Sheboygan now has a Social Demo- cratic mayor, city attorney, treasurer, assessor, and five aldermen; Kenosha, Two Rivers, and Plymouth each one alderman.
There are at present 84 branches of the Social Democratic Party of Wisconsin. The party has three
ahrheit (local Milwaukee edition called
to the admirable conditions which exist, especially in Milwaukee, between the party and the labor unions. The most friendly cooperation prevails between the unions, as economic organization of the workingmen, and the party, as the political organization of labor. The line of limitations between them is carefully ob- served, and neither entrenches on the province of the other. Thus the Socialist press strengthens the unions, and the great majority of these in Milwaukee stand for the principles of Socialism.
Perhaps in no other large city in the United States has the Socialist movement so well solved this difficult problem as in Milwaukee — the problem of working with and through the unions without dominating them or allowing them to dominate the party.
The result of this happy solution of the ques- tion is that Milwaukee may boast of a thoroughly class- conscious movement, in fact of that best possible form of Socialist organization, a party of intelligent work- ingmen.
orwaerts), edited by Victor L. Berger, the Social Demo- cratic Herald, edited by Frederic Heath and Victor L. Berger, and the Sheboygan olksblatt, edited by Robert Saltiel.
Such are the principles and tactics adopted by the Social Democrats of Wisconsin. What is their logi- cal consequence has been proved at the polls.
No account of the Wisconsin movement, how-
ever brief, would be at all complete without reference
Edited by Tim Davenport. Published by 1000 Flowers Publishing, Corvallis, OR, 2005. • Free reproduction permitted.