Change of land use and associated impacts.
Compact cities and urban sprawl
Loss of habitat and Biodiversity
Energy, telecommunications, sanitation, housing, social development and transport infrastructure
Compliance to NEMA Principles
The current LDO/IDP’s for the province are focused on social and economic sustainability with a lack of integration of environmental sustainability considerations.
Integration of Environmental Considerations into Decision Making
Most LDO/IDP’s for the province lack integration of environmental considerations
Participation, Empowerment and Transparency
There has generally been little or no participation by people from an environmental perspective
Consultants largely facilitate LDO/IDP processes without consideration of Environmental issues
Environmental Justice and Equity
Effective IDP’s should result in a more equitable access to environmental resources, such as clean drinking water.
Only some LDO/IDP’s contain zoning and plans to protect sensitive areas. An approach to incorporate and plan for open space, watersheds and sensitive areas is required.
There is poor co-ordination and co-operative governance relating to the LDO/IDP process in the province in general. Environmental issues and sustainable development are not sufficiently addressed in this process
Compliance to Relevant Environmental Legislative Provisions
LDO/IDP’s need to adhere to provincial EIP and NEMA Principles in Terms of Section 16 (4) of NEMA.
Existing Arrangements for Co-operative Governance and Environmental Management
DACE is represented on the Development Tribunal
Provincial guidelines for drafting LDO’s further enforce environmental provisions and DFA principles and require comment by DACE.
Recommendations for Co-operative Governance and Environmental Management
That the proposed Provincial Sustainable Development Framework together with it’s provincial planning legislation and strategic spatial zonation plan be used to guide the development of IDP’s
That all IDP’s be assessed by the proposed Provincial Committee for Environmental Co-ordination to make recommendations to the MEC for Developmental Local Government and Housing regarding approval or any amendments required with due reference to the Provincial Sustainable Development Framework.
That the Department of Developmental Local Government and Housing and DACE develop a training programme for Local Authorities on the integration of environmental issues into IDP processes.
4.2.3. Municipal Bulk Infrastructure
The provision of bulk infrastructure within municipal boundaries through various programmes such as the Consolidated Municipal Infrastructure Programme (CMIP) whereby Department of Developmental Local Government and Housing approves and funds Bulk Infrastructure Projects. CMIP is a national programme overseen by the Department of Provincial and Local Government (National)
In most cases the approval of CMIP projects is in support of housing related projects approved by the Provincial Housing Directorate.
NORTHWEST – EIP20 of 64 Pages