Governing Laws and Policies
Municipal Systems Act
Municipal Structures Act
White Paper on Local Government
Local Government Transition Act (209 of 1993)
National Water Act (36 of 1998)
Department of Developmental Local Government and Housing
Department of Water Affairs and Forestry
Loss of habitat and Biodiversity
Pollution and waste.
Compliance to NEMA Principles
Bulk infrastructure development is crucial for the provisioning of basic services, such as clean water, sanitation and roads and for improving the quality of peoples lives. The criteria for evaluation and approval of most bulk infrastructure provisioning are social equity and economic and technical feasibility. Environmental considerations related to sustainable development are not considered in CMIP approvals.
Integration of Environmental Considerations into Decision Making
No integration of environmental considerations at the funding approval stage of CMIP projects.
Participation, Empowerment and Transparency
Communities identify needs related to bulk infrastructure and these are reflected in planning and approval of CMIP projects.
Environmental Justice and Equity
Access to environmental resources such as clean drinking water is ensured through bulk infrastructure provisioning. Provisioning of services in rural areas take precedence over urban areas in CMIP approvals.
Not addressed in budget approval process for CMIP projects.
None for budget approval process for CMIP projects.
Compliance to Relevant Environmental Legislative Provisions
R1182, R1183, R1184 (EIA)
The authorising and permitting of infrastructure projects does not comply to EIA regulations
Authorisations for projects by Local Authorities do not all comply with EIA regulations.
Non compliance largely due to lack of awareness or financial resources
Arrangements for Co-operative Governance and Environmental Management
The Department of Developmental Local Government and Housing is responsible for co-ordinating the provisioning of infrastructure projects within municipalities. At present there is no representation of environmental interests on any of these programmes. Business plans for potential projects are evaluated by CMIP committee. Economic feasibility and social equity are the primary criteria for approval and granting of funds for CMIP projects and environmental issues are not considered at this stage of planning and approval. No budgetary provision for environmental investigations for projects approved by CMIP.
Recommendations for Co-operative Governance and Environmental Management
NORTHWEST – EIP21 of 64 Pages