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Participation, Empowerment and Transparency

Community projects involve broad community participation and participation by women. Re-training of agricultural extension officers in participatory approaches to planning, environmental management and the concepts of sustainable livelihoods.

Environmental Justice and Equity

Most new projects are targeted at previously disadvantaged farmers. DACE is involved in project planning for agriculture related land reform projects.

It is important that the planning of agricultural projects is carried out within the context of a broader provincial planning approach..

Ecological Integrity

Ecosystem characteristics not considered in new projects

Restrictions on riparian debushing are not always enforced.

Ecological aspects relating to soil and water conservation are addressed in farm planning and agricultural development.  Little to no consideration of Biodiversity aspects and important cultural sites.

LANDCARE is being implemented in the province

Co-operative Governance

Co-operation with environmental directorate exists.

DACE tables projects before the Economic Development and Infrastructure Cluster

Compliance to Relevant Environmental Legislative Provisions

R1182, R1183, R1184 (EIA)

Little to no compliance to EIA regulations, particularly for debushing, bulk irrigation and other agricultural engineering services.

Non compliance was largely due to lack of awareness or financial resources

OTHER

Some provisions relative to resource protection (e.g.. protection of watersheds, sponges, distance to rivers etc.) under the Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act are not strictly enforced.

Existing Arrangements for Co-operative Governance and Environmental Management

Enforcement of Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act for soil erosion.

Implementation of Landcare programme.

Agricultural engineering principles applied in planning addresses some issues around soil and water conservation.

DACE tables projects before the Economic Development and Infrastructure Cluster

Recommendations for Co-operative Governance and Environmental Management

EIA regulations will be enforced.

There must be broader co-operation with Environmental Management Directorate of DACE in initial project planning.

DACE to develop a register of pesticides, herbicides and fertilisers use by the agricultural sector in the Province.

This information will be used to develop indicators for the North West State of Environment Report.

DACE to investigate Alternative sustainable technologies and product diversification

DACE to investigate the development and adoption of Environmental Management Systems for farming co-operatives in the province.

4.2.9.

Land Reform

Description

Addressing the legacy of apartheid in relation to land distribution and to create security of tenure and certainty in relation to rights in land especially for previously disadvantaged communities and individuals.  

The programme of land reform consists of the three parts, namely, land restitution, land redistribution and land tenure reform.  

The planning of land development as a component of the land reform programme, particularly settlement and agricultural development may impact the environment.

NORTHWEST – EIP28 of 64 Pages

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