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Governing Laws and Policies

The Restitution of Land Rights Act, 22 of 1994

The Extension of Security of Tenure Act, 62 of 1997

The Provision of Certain Land for Settlement Act, 126 of 1993

Interim Protection of Informal Land Rights Act (IPILRA) 31 of 1996

The Land Rights (Labour Tenants Act) 3 of 1996

Land Redistribution for Agricultural Development Policy (LRAD)

LRAD Policy for North West

Development facilitation Act 67 of 1995

Communal Property Associations Act 28 of 1996

Upgrading of Land Tenure Rights Act 112 of 1991

Responsible Authority/ies

Department of Developmental Local Government and Housing

Department of Land Affairs (national)

Department of Agriculture (national)


Environmental Issues

Sub-division of  agricultural land

Change of land use and associated impacts

Waste management and sewerage in settlement projects

Conflicts of land use

Land holding and administration of land based natural resources by groups

Maintenance of sustainable livelihoods

Changes in tenure status and associated impacts

Sustainable land use planning

Compliance to Relevant NEMA Principles

Sustainable Development

These principles are reflected in Land Affairs policies related to land reform, although land reform has focused on social and economic issues.

A lack of consideration of environmental management issues in business plans for land reform projects

Guidelines for the integration of environmental planning into land reform are in the process of being adopted by the DLA.   If these guidelines are followed they should address NEMA principles.

Integration of Environmental Considerations into Decision Making

These are not addressed uniformly in projects.  The guidelines will address most of these issues.

Participation, Empowerment and Transparency

Land reform is a participatory process and the involvement of women and the disabled is ensured.

Environmental awareness in planning and project development are not specifically addressed in land reform.

Environmental Justice and Equity

Equitable access to environmental resource is ensured through the land reform programme.  The focus of land reform projects is on securing land rights, tenure and agricultural development and settlement.

Ecological Integrity

These issues are presently not adequately considered in land reform.

Co-operative Governance

Formal co-operative governance at the project level with DACE

Compliance to Relevant Environmental Legislative Provisions

R1182, R1183, R1184 (EIA)

Partial compliance to EIA regulations for land reform projects.

Arrangements for Co-operative Governance and Environmental Management

NORTHWEST – EIP29 of 64 Pages

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