an assessment of the existing level of development, including the identification of communities which do not have access to basic municipal services
the council’s development priorities and objectives for its elected term
the council’s development strategies which must be aligned with any national or provincial sectoral plans and planning requirements
a spatial development framework including basic guidelines for a land use management system
the council’s operational strategies
disaster management plans
a financial plan with a budget projection for at least three next years
key performance indicators and performance targets.
A number of national acts and policies require local governments to produce sectoral plans when preparing an IDP, including:
Water Services Development Plan (Water Services Act, 1997)
Waste Management Plan, Coastal Management Plan, incorporating statutory requirements regarding environmental sustainability (National Environmental Management Act, 1998)
Land Development Objectives (Development Facilitation Act, 1995)
Land Use Management Plans (provincial planning legislation)
Housing provision (Housing Act, 1997)
Integrated Transport Plan (Transport Bill, 2000)
Disaster Management Plan (Disaster Management Bill, 2000).
The Development Facilitation Act (1995) establishes basic principles for land development applicable to all land development applications and decisions. It requires every municipality to establish Land Development Objectives (LDOs). It also provides for a “fast track” land development route through provincial development tribunals. However, according to this law, no land development in a municipal area may be approved if it is not consistent with the LDOs set by the municipality.
The developmental outcome of the first four years (1996–2000) of the LDO’s/IDP’s has been disappointing in places. In many places the IDP has not had much practical impact. In others the first rounds of LDOs and IDPs are still due. Recent assessment indicates that the problems include:
poor management of consultants by local councils (consultants are commonly and extensively used in the LDO & IDP processes)
inadequate human and financial capacity within municipalities
limited knowledge and understanding of the “new” concept of IDP
IDP documents frequently provide only limited guidance to municipal officials and the private sector
lack of commitment to local initiatives by provincial and national departments
inadequate integration between strategies, plans, programmes and budgets within and between local, provincial and national spheres of government.
Requirement for an Environmental Implementation Plan
In the face of such challenges, the National Environmental Management Act, Act 107 of 1998 (NEMA) provides for the establishment of institutions that promote co-operative environmental governance and procedures for co-ordinating environmental functions exercised by organs of state. One such tool, is the requirement for each Province to develop an Environmental Implementation Plan (EIP) in terms of chapter 3, Section 12, of NEMA, which specifies Procedures for Co-operative Governance. The Environmental Implementation Plan must be prepared at least every four years.
In terms of NEMA, all governmental policies plans and programmes should comply with the principles outlined in the Act. These principles therefore, provide the basis for ensuring that environmental sustainability criteria are built into all governments decisions, functions and activities and against which environmental performance is measured. Given the highly
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