NORTH WEST 2010 - PROVINCIAL SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK
Development thinking world-wide experienced important paradigm shifts since the nineteen fifties. It departed with assumptions that a dominant role for the state is central in stimulating and directing development. When these central plans failed the mood changed to one of strong deregulation, privatisation and entrepreneurial activity as the optimal solution. Recently a paradigm shift towards the formation of partnerships and promotion of sustainability is observed. State centeredness and blue print planning is replaced by an emphasis on governance, while sustainability also for future generations are emphasised.
An integrated approach to sustainable development lies at the heart of the Declaration on Environment and Development that was adopted by more than 178 governments at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Earth Summit) at Rio de Janeiro in 1992. It became clear that all countries should in future depart from this consensus framework. Economic development, community development and ecological development were identified as the core components of sustainable development as illustrated in the next figure.
The new South African Government was strongly influenced by these events in formulating its position in 1994. The Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) emphasised the need for total reconstruction and transformation of the South African environment and civil society while the National Strategic Vision (NSV) introduced an integrated planning and development framework resting on six strategic pillars all structured on a common resource base. Economic, Physical, Social, Protective and Human Resource Development services and Governance were identified as the six strategic pillars as in the next figure.
NATIONAL STRATEGIC VISION OF SUSTAINABLE GROWTH PER ANNUM OF AT LEAST 6% PER ANNUM BY 2020
Human Resource Development
NATIONAL RESOURCE BASE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (Natural, Human, Capital, & Knowledge)
A process was also initiated to restructure and transform the complete public sector at national, provincial and local spheres with the aim to plan and deliver on the strategic pillars identified. The North West Province built on these foundations and adopted an integrated development framework that was reconfirmed in 2000 by the Executive Council as depicted in the next figure.
NORTHWEST – EIP9 of 64 Pages