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their language’s cultural survival to the survival of their culture

Death is as natural as birth

Death is as natural as birth

Pay respect regardless of distance

Children are encouraged to experience grief

Death is accepted as a part of living; it also reminds us we are here for a short time and to leave the best impression possible


Native spirituality maintains a vision for this world, and provides hope for the next, which offers security and peace

Traditional teachings have been blended with Christian values and practices

Belief in the Supernatural

The Mi’kmaq people recognize they can obtain knowledge, wisdom, and powers from the other world.

Endowed power through special people can travel through one world to the next

Kinap = good and Npuoin = bad

Sweet Grass Ceremony

Sweet grass is an offering to the spirits

Special presence in homes

Sweet Grass Ceremony in Mi’kmaq is called Pekitne’man

Rituals for Death and Dying

When someone is dying they should NOT be left alone

One does not enter the world alone and therefore they should leave this world alone

A candle is lit to help the dying person find their way to the Spirit World (wasoqnikewi)

Family members must seek peace (apiksiktuaqn) even if there is no ill will, as elders believe that one must enter the Spirit World completely at peace with everyone and everything

Rituals for Mourning

Tears should be reserved until the dying person has passed on to the Spirit World

The Elders feel that the person will have an easier time making the transition if tears are not shed

Tears should flow freely after the person

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