Appendix B: Detailed Methology AARP Multicultural Survey
Q84-Q97, utilizing various resources to help cope with caring for the elderly.
These analyses revealed that there were from one to several dimensions underlying each of the question sections. To assist in the overall analyses, indices were computed for each of the identified factors.
Five indices or scales were created for the “major event” questions (Q9-Q19) indicating the degree to which respondents experienced a number of “life time” events in the past year that are often associated with producing stress in one’s life. One was a summary scale called STRESS, based each of Q9-Q19, where one point was given for each occurrence in a person’s life during the past year.
The factor analyses revealed four dimensions to these events and sub-scales or sub-indices were created for each one:
Child-related Event Stress (Q9, Q10, and Q16);
Death/Illness-related Event Stress (Q14, Q19);
Personal Event Stress (Q11-Q13); and
Parents or In-law-related Event Stress (Q15 and Q17-Q18)
The factor analyses for Q22-Q32 revealed two basic dimensions. Indices were created for each one. The first, termed PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS, deals with the personal stress and guilt one feels based on responses to Q25, Q26, Q29, and Q30. The second, called EXPECTATIONS, consists of the expectations one has for one’s self and one’s children for care-giving based on answers to Q23, Q24, and Q27.
The types of care-giving activities (Q50-Q61) divided into two dimensions based on the factor analysis for these variables. One, REGULAR or ROUTINE CARE, consists of doing basic care for elderly such as doing house work or home maintenance, driving them places, checking up on the telephone, visiting them, and running errands for them (Q56-Q60). The second factor consists of the other questions in the series (Q50-Q55, and Q61), and they reveal extraordinary activities termed CARE PLUS, where the type of care involves dealing with medical/health, financial, and legal issues. Again, indices were created for both of these factors.
The questions on how caring for older persons affects one’s decisions (Q62-Q68) group together in the factor analysis in a dimension called IMPACT. The index for this factor sums up the number of decisions affected because of having to care for older relatives.
The group of questions about doing things to make it easier to help care for family members (Q69-Q73) also correlate together in one factor, EASIER. The index for this dimension consists of the number of things one does to make it easier to care for people such as hiring help, getting family and friends to pitch in, taking time off or reducing the time one works, and sacrificing personal time to help care for people.
The four questions related to how one’s attitudes about the people one cares for are affected by