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Europe After The Lisbon Treaty. Strategies for the Future

S peaking from the perspec- tive of a historian and so- vietologist, Richard Pipes, a history professor from Harvard University, USA, pointed to the fact that the problem of today’s Russia is the minor involvement of citizens in political and social processes. In his opinion, it is a “certain traditional diculty because it is the state and sta- te apparatus which propel and govern the society. The society itself is not fully developed. The government owns the country. Is the state apparatus also the owner of the society then? It is kind of a country which is a pro- perty of this type”. The Russia of today, however, is changing and we are not speaking of the coun- try only – the mentality of the Russian people and the way they speak is also chan- ging. At present, the Russians have a decidedly more critical attitude towards their government and are not afraid of criticising their authorities.The mood is more opti- mistic but it will surely take more time, thirty or forty years perhaps, before Russia shifts its thinking and becomes truly democratic – concluded Pipes. Waldemar Pawlak, Deputy Prime Ministe , Minister of Econom , Poland; Borys Kolesnikow, Deputy Prime Ministe , Ukraina

Iryna Akimowa, Zastępca Szefa, Administracja Prezydenta Ukrainy

A ndrej Piontkovskij, Expert, the Institute of Systematic Studies in Russia, voiced his critical opi- nion on the situation in Russia. In his view, the demographic situation of Russia is worrying. The birth rate in Russia is close to that of Europe whereas the death rate is more like in Africa. The drop in population is di- cult to explain. Signicant fac- tors behind this phenomenon are trends popular Europe-wi- de, not only traditional Russian alcoholism, but also the low le- vel of social capital, hitherto not taken into account.This triggers


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