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ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT QUARTERLY / November 2001

APPENDIX B continued

Factor

Turbulence (cont.) People in this community too often judge my work on immediate results rather than on long-run progress. I undertake activities just to please constituents or other officials even if I think these activities accomplish little. Cities emphasize showcase projects to distract from a lack of progress in solving more pressing problems. Other city officials do not have a very good idea of what an economic development practitioner should do. Entrepreneurialism City offers all economic development incentives legally allowed. Any program increasing the number of jobs is good. Incentives offered by other cities strongly influence the activities we pursue. City tries to implement policies used successfully in other cities in the region. Bureaucratic decision making Economic development decisions are mostly left to professional administrators. Professional staff is more important in initiating economic development policies than are elected officials. Economic development projects should be guided by professionally trained decision makers. Traditional goals Diversify the economic base Attract new business Expand/retain existing business Promote industrial growth Alternative goals Promote small-business growth Promote service sector growth Promote tourism/conventions Type II goals Promote social equity Develop minority business Develop neighborhoods/communities Growth limitation goals Limit economic growth Ensure growth management Economic base growth Base grown over the past 5 years Base grown the past year Expected base growth the coming year Expected base growth over the next 5 years Off-cycle locus Chair of the economic development commission/corporation takes lead in initiating economic development activities. A formal, incorporated public/private partnership organization is most active in promoting economic development. Economic development activities are conducted by a commission/corporation outside of the city government. Intergovernmental activity The county government is most active in promoting economic development. The regional or national governments are most influential in local economic development policy formation. Economic development activities are conducted by a regional government entity. In-house locus City government is most active in promoting economic development. Local governments are most influential in local economic development policy formation. Economic development functional independence Economic development activities are centralized in a separate governmental department. The economic development director takes the lead in initiating economic development activities. Chief executive locus The executive office handles economic development activities. The mayor takes the lead in initiating economic development activities.

Loadings

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.72

.69

.57

.70 .63 .62 .59

.76

.78 .74

.62 .70 .56 .79

.58 .71 .61

.76 .70 .57

.61 .61

.62 .88 .88 .71

.68

.77

.66

.79

.72 .52

.79 .79

.80 .80

.77 .77

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