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INTRODUCTION

   This document has been developed by public and governmental  "Association of Documentary Telecommunication" (ADT) on behalf of the commission of the Minister of the Russian Federation for Communication and Informatization. The following persons took part in the development and discussion of the document: Avetikov Serguey Yurievich (SZS "Sovintel"), Antimonov Serguey Grigorievich (DialogNauka), Ashmanov Igor Stanislavovich (Ashmanov and Partners), Baranov Serguey Gennadievich (VGTRK), Bryukhanov Andrey Anatolievich (Infosystemy Jet), Bykanov Aleksandr Vladimirovich (Rostelekom), Vankov Vadim Valerievich (MTU-Intel), Ganev Michail Igorevich (RosNIIROS), Didenko Pyotr Vladimirovich (Zenon N.S.P.), Zhelonkina Tatyana Germanovna (Mail.ru), Zhasurskii Ivan Ivanovich (Rambler), Kader Michail Yurievich (Cisco Systems), Kashinskii Serguey Igorevich (Infosystemy Jet), Kovalenko Nikolay Pavlovich (ZNIIS), Kolmanovskaya Yelena Savelievna (Yandex), Kondakov Harry Igorevich (Kaspersky Laboratory), Kononov Aleksandr Anatolievich (ISA RAN), Koreshkov Yury Petrovich (Minsviaz of the Russian Government), Kremer Arkady Solomonovich (ADT Executive Committee), Kurnosov Ivan Nikolaievich (Minsviaz of the Russia), Linde Serguey Yurievich (RosNIIROS), Lozinskii Dmitry Nikolaievich (DialogNauka), Murugov Serguey Mikhaylovich (RosNIIROS), Novikov Nikolay Aleksandrovich (Minsviaz of the Russian Government), Pershov Aleksandr Nikolaievich (Minsviaz of the Russian Government), Sobolev Dmitry Vladimirovich (TransTeleCom Company), Sundukov Aleksandr Gueorguievich (Minsviaz of the Russian Government), Timoshin Vladimir Nikolaievich (Kaspersky Laboratory), Trifalenkov Ilya Anatolievich (Infosystemy Jet), Fedotov Nikolay Nikolaievich (RTKComm.RU), Frolov Aleksandr Viacheslavovich (Sluzhba Data Recovery.ru), Sharov Boris Aleksandrovich (DialogNauka), Yakushev Mikhail Vladimirovich (Microsoft).

The memorandum proposes uniting around Minsviaz of Russia all those interested in creating a powerful barrier to the distribution of harmful programs and spam.

The first chapter examines the negative influence of harmful programs and spam on governmental, commercial, non-commercial and personal infocommunication systems. A classification of different user categories is given: governmental, commercial and non-commercial organizations, and private users. Specific features of protection against harmful programs and spam are considered for each category of users. In the second chapter, the first-priority measures for counteracting to harmful programs and spam distribution are specified.

Conclusions and recommendations are given in the conclusion.

 Principal terms and definitions used in the document.

Virus attack —an intentional distribution of malicious programs  (computer viruses, in particular) undertaken with the purpose of putting an infocommunication system out of operation, obtaining unauthorized access to the system, changing information stored in the system, or performing any other harmful action.

Malicious program a program (or a part of a program) which deliberately results in unauthorized deletion, blocking, modification, or copying of information, or operational failure of a computer, computer system, or computer network.

Computer virus  —a program (or some package of executed codes/instructions) capable of creating its copies not necessarily completely identical to the original, and to injecting them into different

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