g. Silver nitrate, Silver salfasalazine
Used as ophthalmic and wound (e.g. In burn patients) antiseptic.
Oxidizing agents Converts functional –SH group into non-functional –S-S group.
Halogens e.g. Chlorine, Iodine
Chlorine: inactivated by organic materials. Preparations and uses:
Chlorine: water disinfectant; the dosage is 0.5-1.0 PPM as a disinfectant.
Hypochlorite: sanitizing dairy and food processing industries, house holds and hospitals.
Organic or inorganic chloramine : effective water disinfectant acting by liberating chlorine.
Iodine: effective skin disinfectant Preparations: . Aqueous Iodine . Iodine Tincture: 2% iodine and 70% ethanol. . Iodiphores (e.g. Betadine): Less toxic and less active than Aqueous iodine and iodine tincture.
Hydrogen peroxide (3%)
Used for cleansing of wound, disinfecting medical-surgical devices and plastic contact lenses.