This teachings is necessary not only to prevent contamination of the specimen but also protect the patient.
Avoid contaminating discharges or ulcer material with the skin commensals. The swabs used to collect the specimens must be sterile and the absorbent cotton wool from which the swabs are made must be free from antibacterial substances.
Collect specimens in sterile, leak- proof, dry containers, free
from all traces of disinfectant. Container must be clean but need not be sterile for the collection of feaces and sputum. 4) Those responsible for collecting specimens should report any
abnormal features, such as coldiness in
a specimen which presence of pus,
mucus or parasites.
Labelling of specimens and sending of a request form
Each specimen must be accompanied by a request form which gives:
The patient’s name, age (whether an infant, child or adult), number, and ward or health center.
Type of specimen and the date and time of it collection.
Clinical note giving details of the patient’s illness, suspected disease, and any antimicrobial treatment that may have been started at home or in the hospital.